24 January 2011
Calculus of Variations and Partial Differential Equations
Interfacial energy is often incorporated into variational solid-solid phase transition models via a perturbation of the elastic energy functional involving second gradients of the deformation. We study consequences of such higher-gradient terms for local minimizers and for interfaces. First it is shown that at slightly sub-critical temperatures, a phase which globally minimizes the elastic energy density at super-critical temperatures is an L1-local minimizer of the functional including interfacial energy, whereas it is typically only a W1,∞-local minimizer of the purely elastic functional. The second part deals with the existence and uniqueness of smooth interfaces between different wells of the multi-well elastic energy density. Attention is focussed on so-called planar interfaces, for which the deformation depends on a single direction x · N and the deformation gradient then satisfies a rank-one ansatz of the form Dy(x) = A + u(x · N) ⊗ N, where A and B = A + a ⊗ N are the gradients connected by the interface. © 2010 Springer-Verlag.
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