$\mathcal{N}$ = 1 supersymmetric indices and the four-dimensional A-model

Author: 

Closset, C
Kim, H
Willett, B

Publication Date: 

21 August 2017

Journal: 

Journal of High Energy Physics

Last Updated: 

2020-06-24T15:33:43.17+01:00

Issue: 

8

Volume: 

2017

DOI: 

10.1007/JHEP08(2017)090

abstract: 

<p>We compute the supersymmetric partition function of $\mathcal{N}$ = 1 supersymmetric gauge theories with an R-symmetry on $\mathcal{M}$<sub>4</sub> ≅ $\mathcal{M}$<sub><em>g,p</em></sub> × <em>S</em><sup>1</sup>, a principal elliptic fiber bundle of degree <em>p</em> over a genus-<em>g</em> Riemann surface, Σ<sub><em>g</em></sub> . Equivalently, we compute the generalized supersymmetric index <em>I</em><sub>$\mathcal{M}$<sub><em>g,p</em></sub></sub> , with the supersymmetric three-manifold $\mathcal{M}$<sub><em>g,p</em></sub> as the spatial slice. The ordinary $\mathcal{N}$ = 1 supersymmetric index on the round three-sphere is recovered as a special case. We approach this computation from the point of view of a topological <em>A</em>-model for the abelianized gauge fields on the base Σ<sub><em>g</em></sub>. This <em>A</em>-model — or <em>A</em>-twisted two-dimensional $\mathcal{N}$ = (2, 2) gauge theory — encodes all the information about the generalized indices, which are viewed as expectations values of some canonically-defined surface defects wrapped on <em>T</em><sup>2</sup> inside Σ<sub><em>g</em></sub> × <em>T</em><sup>2</sup>. Being defined by compactification on the torus, the A-model also enjoys natural modular properties, governed by the four-dimensional ’t Hooft anomalies. As an application of our results, we provide new tests of Seiberg duality. We also present a new evaluation formula for the three-sphere index as a sum over two-dimensional vacua.</p>

Symplectic id: 

742594

Submitted to ORA: 

Submitted

Publication Type: 

Journal Article