Non-archimedean integrals as limits of complex integrals.

15 May 2018
Antoine Ducros

Several works (by Kontsevich, Soibelman, Berkovich, Nicaise, Boucksom, Jonsson...) have shown that the limit behavior of a one-parameter family $(X_t)$ of complex algebraic varieties can often be described using the associated Berkovich t-adic analytic space $X^b$. In a work in progress with E. Hrushovski and F. Loeser, we provide a new instance of this general phenomenon. Suppose we are given for every t an  $(n,n)$-form $ω_t$ on $X_t$ (for n= dim X). Then under some assumptions on the formula that describes $ω_t$, the family $(ω_t)$ has a "limit" ω, which is a real valued  (n,n)-form in the sense of Chambert-Loir and myself on the Berkovich space $X^b$, and the integral of $ω_t$ on $X_t$ tends to the integral of ω on $X^b$. 
In this talk I will first make some reminders about Berkovich spaces and (n,n)-forms in this setting, and then discuss the above result. 
In fact, as I will explain, it is more convenient to formulate it with  $(X_t)$ seen as a single algebraic variety over a non-standard model *C of C and (ω_t) as a (n,n) differential form on this variety. The field *C also carries a t-adic real valuation which makes it a model of ACVF (and enables to do Berkovich geometry on it), and our proof uses repeatedly RCF and ACVF theories.