In the 80s, Hatcher and Thurston introduced the pants graph as a tool to prove that the mapping class group of a closed, orientable surface is finitely presented. The pants graph remains relevant for the study of the mapping class group, sitting between the marking graph and the curve graph. More precisely, there is a sequence of natural coarse lipschitz maps taking the marking graph via the pants graph to the curve graph.
A second motivation for studying the pants graph comes from Teichmüller theory. Brock showed that the pants graph can be interpreted as a combinatorial model for Teichmüller space with the Weil-Petersson metric.
In this talk I will introduce the pants graph, discuss some of its properties and state a few open questions.
- Junior Topology and Group Theory Seminar