Functional control of network dynamics using designed Laplacian spectra

Author: 

Dunkel, J
Forrow, A
Woodhouse, F

Publication Date: 

7 December 2018

Journal: 

Physical Review X

Last Updated: 

2020-02-02T17:27:31.79+00:00

Issue: 

4

Volume: 

8

DOI: 

10.1103/PhysRevX.8.041043

abstract: 

Complex real-world phenomena across a wide range of scales, from aviation and Internet traffic to signal propagation in electronic and gene regulatory circuits, can be efficiently described through dynamic network models. In many such systems, the spectrum of the underlying graph Laplacian plays a key role in controlling the matter or information flow. Spectral graph theory has traditionally prioritized analyzing unweighted networks with specified adjacency properties. Here, we introduce a complementary framework, providing a mathematically rigorous weighted graph construction that exactly realizes any desired spectrum. We illustrate the broad applicability of this approach by showing how designer spectra can be used to control the dynamics of various archetypal physical systems. Specifically, we demonstrate that a strategically placed gap induces generalized chimera states in Kuramoto-type oscillator networks, tunes or suppresses pattern formation in a generic Swift-Hohenberg model, and leads to persistent localization in a discrete Gross-Pitaevskii quantum network. Our approach can be generalized to design continuous band gaps through periodic extensions of finite networks.

Symplectic id: 

940505

Submitted to ORA: 

Submitted

Publication Type: 

Journal Article