An SPDE model for systemic risk with endogenous contagion

Author: 

Hambly, B
Søjmark, A

Publication Date: 

10 June 2019

Journal: 

Finance and Stochastics

Last Updated: 

2021-06-11T23:10:58.16+01:00

Issue: 

3

Volume: 

23

DOI: 

10.1007/s00780-019-00396-1

page: 

535-594

abstract: 

We propose a dynamic mean field model for ‘systemic risk’ in large financial systems, which we derive from a system of interacting diffusions on the positive half-line with an absorbing boundary at the origin. These diffusions represent the distancesto-default of financial institutions and absorption at zero corresponds to default. As a way of modelling correlated exposures and herd behaviour, we consider a common source of noise and a form of mean-reversion in the drift. Moreover, we introduce an endogenous contagion mechanism whereby the default of one institution can cause a drop in the distances-to-default of the other institutions. In this way, we aim to capture key ‘system-wide’ effects on risk. The resulting mean field limit is characterized uniquely by a nonlinear SPDE on the half-line with a Dirichlet boundary condition. The density of this SPDE gives the conditional law of a non-standard ‘conditional’ McKean–Vlasov diffusion, for which we provide a novel upper Dirichlet heat kernel type estimate that is essential to the proofs. Depending on the realizations of the common noise and the rate of mean reversion, the SPDE can exhibit rapid accelerations in the loss of mass at the boundary. In other words, the contagion mechanism can give rise to periods of significant systemic default clustering.

Symplectic id: 

985745

Submitted to ORA: 

Submitted

Publication Type: 

Journal Article