20 February 2020
SIAM Journal on Numerical Analysis
In the classical theory of fluid mechanics a linear relationship between the shear stress and the symmetric velocity gradient tensor is often assumed. Even when a nonlinear relationship is assumed, it is typically formulated in terms of an explicit relation. Implicit constitutive models provide a theoretical framework that generalizes this, allowing for general implicit constitutive relations. Since it is generally not possible to solve explicitly for the shear stress in the constitutive relation, a natural approach is to include the shear stress as a fundamental unknown in the formulation of the problem. In this work we present a mixed formulation with this feature, discuss its solvability and approximation using mixed finite element methods, and explore the convergence of the numerical approximations to a weak solution of the model.
Submitted to ORA: