1 May 2019
We revisit the correspondence between Calabi-Yau (CY) threefold isolated singularities X and five-dimensional superconformal field theories (SCFTs), which arise at low energy in M-theory on the space-time transverse to X . Focussing on the case of toric CY singularities, we analyze the "gauge-theory phases" of the SCFT by exploiting fiberwise M-theory/type IIA duality. In this setup, the low-energy gauge group simply arises on stacks of coincident D6-branes wrapping 2-cycles in some ALE space of type A M − 1 fibered over a real line, and the map between the K\"ahler parameters of X and the Coulomb branch parameters of the field theory (masses and VEVs) can be read off systematically. Different type IIA "reductions" give rise to different gauge theory phases, whose existence depends on the particular (partial) resolutions of the isolated singularity X . We also comment on the case of non-isolated toric singularities. Incidentally, we propose a slightly modified expression for the Coulomb-branch prepotential of 5d N = 1 gauge theories.
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