15 October 2019
We prove a quantitative version of Obata's Theorem involving the shape of functions with null mean value when compared with the cosine of distance functions from single points. The deficit between the diameters of the manifold and of the corresponding sphere is bounded likewise. These results are obtained in the general framework of (possibly non-smooth) metric measure spaces with curvature-dimension conditions through a quantitative analysis of the transport-rays decompositions obtained by the localization method.
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