Motion correction methods for undersampled 3D imaging

10 March 2020
Joseph Field

Reconstruction of 3D images from a set of 2D X-ray projections is a standard inverse problem, particularly in medical imaging. Improvements in imaging technologies have enabled the development of a flat-panel X-ray source, comprised of an array of low-power emitters that are fired in quick succession. During a complete firing sequence, there may be shifts in the patient’s resting position which ultimately create artifacts in the final reconstruction. We present a method for correcting images with respect to unknown body motion, focusing on the case of simple rigid body motion. Image reconstructions are obtained by solving a sparse linear inverse problem, with respect to not only the underlying body but also the unknown velocity. Results find that reconstructions of a moving body can be much better than those obtained by measuring a stationary body, as long as the underlying motion is well approximated.

  • Numerical Analysis Group Internal Seminar