Simple model for the hygroscopy of sulfuric acid

Author: 

Kiradjiev, K
Nikolakis, V
Griffiths, I
Beuscher, U
Venkateshwaran, V
Breward, C

Publication Date: 

9 February 2020

Journal: 

Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research

Last Updated: 

2020-07-20T18:10:14.293+01:00

Issue: 

10

Volume: 

59

DOI: 

10.1021/acs.iecr.9b06018

page: 

4802–4808-

abstract: 

Sulphuric acid is a highly hygroscopic substance, increasing its volume by absorbing
water from high relative-humidity environment. In this paper, we present a mathematical model that describes the hygroscopy of a uniform layer of sulphuric acid with a given
initial concentration and relative humidity of the surrounding gaseous environment. We
assume that water is absorbed across the gas–liquid interface at a rate proportional to
the difference in concentration from the equilibrium value. Our numerical results compare well with asymptotic predictions for small Sherwood number, where we derive
an explicit solution. The theory agrees well with experimental data, which supports
the validity of the model, and we are able to use the model to determine the rate of
absorption, which cannot be found by a direct experimental measurement.

Symplectic id: 

1090047

Submitted to ORA: 

Submitted

Publication Type: 

Journal Article