Is academia becoming more localised? The growth of regional knowledge networks within international research collaboration

Author: 

Fitzgerald, J
Ojanperä, S
O’Clery, N

Publication Date: 

31 May 2021

Journal: 

Applied Network Science

Last Updated: 

2021-08-23T16:03:07.44+01:00

Issue: 

1

Volume: 

6

DOI: 

10.1007/s41109-021-00371-w

abstract: 

<jats:title>Abstract</jats:title><jats:p>It is well-established that the process of learning and capability building is core to economic development and structural transformation. Since knowledge is ‘sticky’, a key component of this process is learning-by-doing, which can be achieved via a variety of mechanisms including international research collaboration. Uncovering significant inter-country research ties using Scopus co-authorship data, we show that within-region collaboration has increased over the past five decades relative to international collaboration. Further supporting this insight, we find that while communities present in the global collaboration network before 2000 were often based on historical geopolitical or colonial lines, in more recent years they increasingly align with a simple partition of countries by regions. These findings are unexpected in light of a presumed continual increase in globalisation, and have significant implications for the design of programmes aimed at promoting international research collaboration and knowledge diffusion.</jats:p>

Symplectic id: 

1180098

Submitted to ORA: 

Submitted

Publication Type: 

Journal Article