PDE CDT Lunchtime Seminar

Please note that the list below only shows forthcoming events, which may not include regular events that have not yet been entered for the forthcoming term. Please see the past events page for a list of all seminar series that the department has on offer.

Past events in this series
30 May 2019
12:00
Dominic Breit
Abstract

It is nowadays well understood that the multidimensional isentropic Euler system is desperately ill–posed. Even certain smooth initial data give rise to infinitely many solutions and all available selection criteria fail to ensure both global existence and uniqueness. We propose a different approach to well–posedness of this system based on ideas from the theory of Markov semigroups: we show the existence of a Borel measurable solution semiflow. To this end, we introduce a notion of dissipative solution which is understood as time dependent trajectories of the basic state variables - the mass density, the linear momentum, and the energy - in a suitable phase space. The underlying system of PDEs is satisfied in a generalized sense. The solution semiflow enjoys the standard semigroup property and the solutions coincide with the strong solutions as long as the latter exist. Moreover, they minimize the energy (maximize the energy dissipation) among all dissipative solutions.

  • PDE CDT Lunchtime Seminar
6 June 2019
12:00
Abstract

Function solutions to linear PDEs often carry rigidity properties directly associated to the equation they satsify. However, the realm of solutions covers a much larger sets of solutions. For instance, we can speak of measure solutions, as opposed to classical $C^\infty$ functions or even $L^p$ functions. It is only logical to expect that the “better” space the solution lives in, the more rigid its properties will be.

Measure solutions lie just at a comfortable half of this threshold: it is a sufficently large space which allows for a rich range of new structures; but is sufficiently rigid to preserve a meaningful geometrical pattern. For example, have you ever wondered how gradients look like in the space of measures? What about other PDE structures? In this talk I will discuss these general questions, a few examples of them, and a new theoretical approach to its understanding via PDE theory, harmonic analysis, and geometric measure theory methods.

  • PDE CDT Lunchtime Seminar
13 June 2019
12:00
Yuning Liu
Abstract

We study the small Deborah number limit of the Doi-Onsager equation for the dynamics of nematic liquid crystals. This is a Smoluchowski-type equation that characterizes the evolution of a number density function, depending upon both particle position and its orientation vector, which lies on the unit sphere. We prove that, in the low temperature regime, when the Deborah number tends to zero, the family of solutions with rough initial data near local equilibria will converge to a local equilibrium distribution prescribed by a weak solution of the harmonic map heat flow into the sphere. This flow is a special case of the gradient flow to the Oseen-Frank energy functional for nematic liquid crystals and the existence of its global weak solution was first obtained by Y.M Chen, using Ginzburg-Landau approximation.  The key ingredient of our result is to show the strong compactness of the family of number density functions and the proof relies on the strong compactness of the corresponding second moment (or the Q-tensor), a spectral decomposition of the linearized operator near the limiting local equilibrium distribution, as well as the energy dissipation estimates.  This is a joint work with Wei Wang in Zhejiang university.
 

  • PDE CDT Lunchtime Seminar
Add to My Calendar