PDE CDT Lunchtime Seminar

Please note that the list below only shows forthcoming events, which may not include regular events that have not yet been entered for the forthcoming term. Please see the past events page for a list of all seminar series that the department has on offer.

Past events in this series
21 January 2021
12:00
Ioannis Papadopoulos / Jonah Duncan
Abstract

A topology optimization problem for Stokes flow finds the optimal material distribution of a fluid in Stokes flow that minimizes the fluid’s power dissipation under a volume constraint. In 2003, T. Borrvall and J. Petersson [1] formulated a nonconvex optimization problem for this objective. They proved the existence of minimizers in the infinite-dimensional setting and showed that a suitably chosen finite element method will converge in a weak(-*) sense to an unspecified solution. In this talk, we will extend and refine their numerical analysis. In particular, we will show that there exist finite element functions, satisfying the necessary first-order conditions of optimality, that converge strongly to each isolated local minimizer of the problem.

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Fully nonlinear PDEs involving the eigenvalues of matrix-valued differential operators (such as the Hessian) have been the subject of intensive study over the last few decades, since the seminal work of Caffarelli, Kohn, Nirenberg and Spruck. In this talk I will discuss some recent joint work with Luc Nguyen on the regularity theory for a large class of these equations, with a particular emphasis on a special case known as the sigma_k-Yamabe equation, which arises in conformal geometry. 

 

[1] T. Borrvall, J. Petersson, Topology optimization of fluids in Stokes flow, International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids 41 (1) (2003) 77–107. doi:10.1002/fld.426.

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  • PDE CDT Lunchtime Seminar
4 February 2021
12:00
Dr Matias G. Delgadino
Abstract

Phase transitions are present in a wide array of systems ranging from traffic to machine learning algorithms. In this talk, we will relate the concept of phase transitions to the convexity properties of the associated thermodynamic energy. Motivated by noisy stochastic gradient descent in supervised learning, we will consider the problem of understanding the thermodynamic limit of exchangeable weakly interacting diffusions (AKA propagation of chaos) from an energetic perspective. The strategy will be to exploit the 2-Wasserstein gradient flow structure associated with the thermodynamic energy in the infinite particle setting. Using this perspective, we will show how the convexity properties of the thermodynamic energy affects the homogenization limit or the stability of the log-Sobolev inequality.

  • PDE CDT Lunchtime Seminar
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