It is well-known that nilpotent orbits in $\mathfrak{sl}_n(\mathbb C)$ correspond bijectively with the set of partitions of $n$, such that the closure (partial) ordering on orbits is sent to the dominance order on partitions. Taking dual partitions simply turns this poset upside down, so in type $A$ there is an order-reversing involution on the poset of nilpotent orbits. More generally, if $\mathfrak g$ is any simple Lie algebra over $\mathbb C$ then Lusztig-Spaltenstein duality is an order-reversing bijection from the set of special nilpotent orbits in $\mathfrak g$ to the set of special nilpotent orbits in the Langlands dual Lie algebra $\mathfrak g^L$.

It was observed by Kraft and Procesi that the duality in type $A$ is manifested in the geometry of the nullcone. In particular, if two orbits $\mathcal O_1<\mathcal O_2$ are adjacent in the partial order then so are their duals $\mathcal O_1^t>\mathcal O_2^t$, and the isolated singularity attached to the pair $(\mathcal O_1,\mathcal O_2)$ is dual to the singularity attached to $(\mathcal O_2^t,\mathcal O_1^t)$: a Kleinian singularity of type $A_k$ is swapped with the minimal nilpotent orbit closure in $\mathfrak{sl}_{k+1}$ (and vice-versa). Subsequent work of Kraft-Procesi determined singularities associated to such pairs in the remaining classical Lie algebras, but did not specifically touch on duality for pairs of special orbits.

In this talk, I will explain some recent joint research with Fu, Juteau and Sommers on singularities associated to pairs $\mathcal O_1<\mathcal O_2$ of (special) orbits in exceptional Lie algebras. In particular, we (almost always) observe a generalized form of duality for such singularities in any simple Lie algebra.

# Past Algebra Seminar

In this joint work with D. Ciubotaru, we introduce the notion of local and global indices of Dirac operators for a rational Cherednik algebra H, with underlying reflection group G. In the local theory, I will report on some relations between the (local) Dirac index of a simple module in category O, the graded G-character and the composition series polynomials for standard modules. In the global theory, we introduce an "integral-reflection" module over which we define and compute the index of a (global) Dirac operator and show that the index is independent of the parameters. If time permits, I will discuss some local-global relations.

Pseudo-reductive groups are smooth connected linear algebraic groups over a field k whose k-defined unipotent radical is trivial. If k is perfect then all pseudo-reductive groups are reductive, but if k is imperfect (hence of characteristic p) then one gets a strictly larger collection of groups. They come up in a number of natural situations, not least when one wishes to say something about the simple representations of all smooth connected linear algebraic groups. Recent work by Conrad-Gabber-Prasad has made it possible to reduce the classification of the simple representations of pseudo-reductive groups to the split reductive case. I’ll explain how. This is joint work with Mike Bate.

In my talk I will explain how to relate 1-dimensional representations of finite W-algebras with multiplicity free primitive ideals of universal enveloping algebras and representations of minimal dimension of the corresponding reduced enveloping algebras (Humphreys' conjecture). I will also mention some open problems in the field.

Dimer models with boundary were introduced in joint work with King and Marsh as a natural

generalisation of dimers. We use these to derive certain infinite dimensional algebras and

consider idempotent subalgebras w.r.t. the boundary.

The dimer models can be embedded in a surface with boundary. In the disk case, the

maximal CM modules over the boundary algebra are a Frobenius category which

categorifies the cluster structure of the Grassmannian.

We give a short reminder about central results of classical tilting theory,

including the Brenner-Butler tilting theorem, and

homological properties of tilted and quasi-tilted algebras. We then discuss

2-term silting complexes and endomorphism algebras of such objects,

and in particular show that some of these classical results have very natural

generalizations in this setting.

(joint work with Yu Zhou)

Heckman introduced N operators on the space of polynomials in N variables, such that these operators form a covariant set relative to permutations of the operators and variables, and such that Jack symmetric polynomials are eigenfunctions of the power sums of these operators. We introduce the analogues of these N operators for Macdonald symmetric polynomials, by using Cherednik operators. The latter operators pairwise commute, and Macdonald polynomials are eigenfunctions of their power sums. We compute the limits of our operators at N → ∞ . These limits yield a Lax operator for Macdonald symmetric functions. This is a joint work with Evgeny Sklyanin.

Let $A$ denote either the automorphism group of the free group of rank $n$ or the mapping class group of an orientable surface of genus $n$ with at most 1 boundary component, and let $G$ be either the subgroup of IA-automorphisms or the Torelli subgroup of $A$, respectively. I will discuss various finiteness properties of subgroups containing $G_N$, the $N$-th term of the lower central series of $G$, for sufficiently small $N$. In particular, I will explain why

(1) If $n \geq 4N-1$, then any subgroup of G containing $G_N$ (e.g. the $N$-th term of the Johnson filtration) is finitely generated

(2) If $n \geq 8N-3$, then any finite index subgroup of $A$ containing $G_N$ has finite abelianization.

The talk will be based on a joint work with Sue He and a joint work with Tom Church and Andrew Putman