Gas-cushioned droplet impacts on porous surfaces and on heated surfaces with phase change

27 November 2014
Peter Hicks

Droplet impacts form an important part of many processes and a detailed
understanding of the impact dynamics is critical in determining any
subsequent splashing behaviour. Prior to touchdown a gas squeeze film is
set-up between the substrate and the approaching droplet. The pressure
build-up in this squeeze film deforms the droplet free-surface, trapping
a pocket of gas and delaying touchdown. In this talk I will discuss two
extensions of existing models of pre-impact gas-cushioned droplet
behaviour, to model droplet impacts with textured substrates and droplet
impacts with surfaces hot enough to induce pre-impact phase change.

In the first case the substrate will be modelled as a thin porous layer.
This produces additional pathways for some of the gas to escape and
results in less delayed touchdown compared to a flat plate. In the
second case ideas related to the evaporation of heated thin viscous
films will be used to model the phase change. The vapour produced from
the droplet is added to the gas film enhancing the existing cushioning
mechanism by generating larger trapped gas pockets, which may ultimately
prevent touchdown altogether once the temperature enters the Leidenfrost

  • Industrial and Applied Mathematics Seminar