Prandtl equations in Sobolev Spaces

29 April 2016
The classical result of Oleinik and her collaborators in 1960s on the Prandtl equations shows that in two space dimensions, the monotonicity condition on the tangential component of the velocity field in the normal direction yields local in time well-posedness of the system. Recently, the well-posedness of Prandtl equations in Sobolev spaces has also been obtained under the same monotonicity condition. Without this monotonicity condition, it is well expected that boundary separation will be developed. And the work of Gerard-Varet and Dormy gives the ill-posedness, in particular in Sobolev spaces, of the linearized systemaround a shear flow with a non-degenerate critical point under when the boundary layer tends to the Euler flow exponentially in the normal direction. In this talk, we will first show that this exponential decay condition is not necessary and then in some sense it shows that the monotonicity condition is sufficient and necessary for the well-posedness of the Prandtl equations in two space dimensions in Sobolev spaces. Finally, we will discuss the problem in three space dimensions.
  • PDE CDT Lunchtime Seminar