Representations associated to gradations of colour Lie algebras

22 October 2019
Philippe Meyer

The notion of colour Lie algebra, introduced by Ree (1960), generalises notions of Lie algebra and Lie superalgebra. From an orthogonal representation V of a quadratic colour Lie algebra g, we give various ways of constructing a colour Lie algebra g’ whose bracket extends the bracket of g and the action of g on V. A first possibility is to consider g’=g⊕V and requires the cancellation of an invariant studied by Kostant (1999). Another construction is possible when the representation is ``special’’ and in this case the extension is of the form g’=g⊕sl(2,k)⊕V⊗k^2. Covariants are associated to special representations and satisfy to particular identities generalising properties studied by Mathews (1911) on binary cubics. The 7-dimensional fundamental representation of a Lie algebra of type G_2 and the 8-dimensional spinor representation of a Lie algebra of type so(7) are examples of special representations.