Fri, 20 May 2022
15:00 - 16:00
Anthea Monod
Imperial College London

Persistent homology is an important methodology from topological data analysis which adapts theory from algebraic topology to data settings and has been successfully implemented in many applications. It produces a statistical summary in the form of a persistence diagram, which captures the shape and size of the data. Despite its widespread use, persistent homology is simply impossible to implement when a dataset is very large. In this talk, I will address the problem of finding a representative persistence diagram for prohibitively large datasets. We adapt the classical statistical method of bootstrapping, namely, drawing and studying smaller multiple subsamples from the large dataset. We show that the mean of the persistence diagrams of subsamples—taken as a mean persistence measure computed from the subsamples—is a valid approximation of the true persistent homology of the larger dataset. We give the rate of convergence of the mean persistence diagram to the true persistence diagram in terms of the number of subsamples and size of each subsample. Given the complex algebraic and geometric nature of persistent homology, we adapt the convexity and stability properties in the space of persistence diagrams together with random set theory to achieve our theoretical results for the general setting of point cloud data. We demonstrate our approach on simulated and real data, including an application of shape clustering on complex large-scale point cloud data.


This is joint work with Yueqi Cao (Imperial College London).

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