Fri, 03 Jun 2022
Nicolas Berkouk
École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL)

In this talk, we will present a new class of invariants of multi-parameter persistence modules : \emph{projected barcodes}. Relying on Grothendieck's six operations for sheaves, projected barcodes are defined as derived pushforwards of persistence modules onto $\R$ (which can be seen as sheaves on a vector space in a precise sense). We will prove that the well-known fibered barcode is a particular instance of projected barcodes. Moreover, our construction is able to distinguish persistence modules that have the same fibered barcodes but are not isomorphic. We will present a systematic study of the stability of projected barcodes. Given F a subset of the 1-Lipschitz functions, this leads us to define a new class of well-behaved distances between persistence modules, the  F-Integral Sheaf Metrics (F-ISM), as the supremum over p in F of the bottleneck distance of the projected barcodes by p of two persistence modules. 

In the case where M is the collection in all degrees of the sublevel-sets persistence modules of a function f : X -> R^n, we prove that the projected barcode of M by a linear map p : R^n \to R is nothing but the collection of sublevel-sets barcodes of the post-composition of f by p. In particular, it can be computed using already existing softwares, without having to compute entirely M. We also provide an explicit formula for the gradient with respect to p of the bottleneck distance between projected barcodes, allowing to use a gradient ascent scheme of approximation for the linear ISM. This is joint work with François Petit.


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