Thu, 19 May 2022
16:00 - 17:00

The possibility of `tacit collusion', in which interactions across market-making algorithms lead to an outcome similar to collusion among market makers, has increasingly received regulatory scrutiny. 
    We model the interaction of market makers in a dealer market as a stochastic differential game of intensity control with partial information and study the resulting dynamics of bid-ask spreads. Competition among dealers is modeled as a Nash equilibrium, which we characterise in terms of a system of coupled Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman (HJB) equations, while Pareto optima correspond to collusion. 
    Using a decentralized multi-agent deep reinforcement learning algorithm to model how competing market makers learn to adjust their quotes, we show how the interaction of market-making algorithms may lead to tacit collusion with spread levels strictly above the competitive equilibrium level, without any explicit sharing of information.

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