Busenberg and Travis suggested in 1983 a population system that exhibits complete segregation of the species. This system can be rigorously derived from interacting particle systems in a mean-field-type limit. It consists of parabolic cross-diffusion equations with an indefinite diffusion matrix. It is known that this system can be formulated in terms of so-called entropy variables such that the transformed equations possess a positive semidefinite diffusion matrix. We consider in this talk the case of incomplete diffusion, which means that the diffusion matrix has zero eigenvalues, and the problem is not parabolic in the sense of Petrovskii.
We show that the cross-diffusion equations can be written as a normal form of symmetric hyperbolic-parabolic type beyond the Kawashima-Shizuta theory. Using results for symmetric hyperbolic systems, we prove the existence of a unique local classical solution. As solutions may become discontinuous in finite time, only global solutions with very low regularity can be expected. We prove the existence of global dissipative measure-valued solutions satisfying a weak-strong uniqueness property. The proof is based on entropy methods and a finite-volume approximation with a mesh-dependent artificial diffusion.