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High-dimensional data is often assumed to be distributed near a smooth manifold. But should we really believe that? In this talk I will introduce HADES, an algorithm that quickly detects singularities where the data distribution fails to be a manifold.
By using hypothesis testing, rather than persistent homology, HADES achieves great speed and a strong statistical foundation. We also have a precise mathematical theorem for correctness, proven using optimal transport theory and differential geometry. In computational experiments, HADES recovers singularities in synthetic data, road networks, molecular conformation space, and images.
Paper link: https://arxiv.org/abs/2311.04171
Github link: https://github.com/uzulim/hades