Thu, 20 Jun 2013
Gibson 1st Floor SR

Determining White Noise Forcing From Eulerian Observations in the Navier Stokes Equation

Hoang Viet Ha
(Nanyang Technological University)
The Bayesian approach to inverse problems is of paramount importance in quantifying uncertainty about the input to and the state of a system of interest given noisy observations. Herein we consider the forward problem of the forced 2D Navier Stokes equation. The inverse problem is inference of the forcing, and possibly the initial condition, given noisy observations of the velocity field. We place a prior on the forcing which is in the form of a spatially correlated temporally white Gaussian process, and formulate the inverse problem for the posterior distribution. Given appropriate spatial regularity conditions, we show that the solution is a continuous function of the forcing. Hence, for appropriately chosen spatial regularity in the prior, the posterior distribution on the forcing is absolutely continuous with respect to the prior and is hence well-defined. Furthermore, the posterior distribution is a continuous function of the data.

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This is a joint work with Andrew Stuart and Kody Law (Warwick)

Wed, 05 Jun 2013

17:00 - 18:00
Gibson 1st Floor SR

Decay for fields outside black holes

Pieter Blue
(University of Edinburgh)
The Einstein equation from general relativity is a

quasilinear hyperbolic, geometric PDE (when viewed in an appropriate

coordinate system) for a manifold. A particularly interesting set of

known, exact solutions describe black holes. The wave and Maxwell

equations on these manifolds are models for perturbations of the known

solutions and have attracted a significant amount of attention in the

last decade. Key estimates are conservation of energy and Morawetz (or

integrated local energy) estimates. These can be proved using both

Fourier analytic methods and more geometric methods. The main focus of

the talk will be on decay estimates for solutions of the Maxwell

equation outside a slowly rotating Kerr black hole.

Thu, 06 Jun 2013

14:00 - 15:00
Gibson 1st Floor SR

Hamiltonian propagation of monokinetic measures with rough momentum profiles (work in collaboration with Peter Markowich and Thierry Paul)

François Golse
(Ecole Polytechnique)
Consider in the phase space of classical mechanics a Radon measure that is a probability density carried by the graph of a Lipschitz continuous (or even less regular) vector field. We study the structure of the push-forward of such a measure by a Hamiltonian flow. In particular, we provide an estimate on the number of folds in the support of the transported measure that is the image of the initial graph by the flow. We also study in detail the type of singularities in the projection of the transported measure in configuration space (averaging out the momentum variable). We study the conditions under which this projected measure can have atoms, and give an example in which the projected measure is singular with respect to the Lebesgue measure and diffuse. We discuss applications of our results to the classical limit of the Schrödinger equation. Finally we present various examples and counterexamples showing that our results are sharp.
Tue, 07 May 2013
Gibson 1st Floor SR

The GKP string

Mat Bullimore
Tue, 07 May 2013
Gibson 1st Floor SR

Higher dimensional isometric embedding

Marshall Slemrod
(University of Wisconsin)

I will present new results on local smooth embedding of Riemannian manifolds of dimension $n$ into Euclidean space of dimension $n(n+1)/2$.  This part of ac joint project with G-Q Chen ( OxPDE), Jeanne Clelland ( Colorado), Dehua Wang ( Pittsburgh), and Deane Yang ( Poly-NYU).

Mon, 29 Apr 2013
Gibson 1st Floor SR

nonlinear evolution systems and Green's function

Weike Wang
(Shanghai Jiao Tong University)

In this talk, we will introduce how to apply Green's function method to get  pointwise estimates for solutions of the Cauchy problem of nonlinear evolution equations with dissipative  structure. First of all, we introduce the pointwise estimates of the time-asymptotic shape of the solutions of the isentropic Navier-Stokes equations and exhibit the generalized Huygen's principle. Then, for other nonlinear dissipative evolution equations, we will  introduce some recent results and give brief explanations. Our approach is based on the detailed analysis of the Green's function of the linearized system and micro-local analysis, such as frequency decomposition and so on.

Thu, 30 May 2013
Gibson 1st Floor SR

A coupled parabolic-elliptic system arising in the theory of magnetic relaxation

James Robinson
(University of Warwick)
    In 1985 Moffatt suggested that stationary flows of the 3D Euler equations with non-trivial topology could be obtained as the time-asymptotic limits of certain solutions of the equations of magnetohydrodynamics. Heuristic arguments also suggest that the same is true of the system
    \[ -\Delta u+\nabla p=(B\cdot\nabla)B\qquad\nabla\cdot u=0\qquad \]
    \[ B_t-\eta\Delta B+(u\cdot\nabla)B=(B\cdot\nabla)u \] when $\eta=0$.

    In this talk I will discuss well posedness of this coupled elliptic-parabolic equation in the two-dimensional case when $B(0)\in L^2$ and $\eta$ is positive.
    Crucial to the analysis is a strengthened version of the 2D Ladyzhenskaya inequality: $\|f\|_{L^4}\le c\|f\|_{L^{2,\infty}}^{1/2}\|\nabla f\|_{L^2}^{1/2}$, where $L^{2,\infty}$ is the weak $L^2$ space. I will also discuss the problems that arise in the case $\eta=0$.

    This is joint work with David McCormick and Jose Rodrigo.
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