Mon, 20 Jun 2022

12:45 - 13:45
L4

Large N Partition Functions, Holography, and Black Holes

Nikolay Bobev
Abstract

I will discuss the large N behavior of partition functions of the ABJM theory on compact Euclidean manifolds. I will pay particular attention to the S^3 free energy and the topologically twisted index for which I will present closed form expressions valid to all order in the large N expansion. These results have important implications for holography and the microscopic entropy counting of AdS_4 black holes which I will discuss. I will also briefly discuss generalizations to other SCFTs arising from M2-branes.

Thu, 16 Jun 2022

16:00 - 17:00
L4

Ax-Schanuel and exceptional integrability

Jonathan Pila
(University of Oxford)
Abstract

In joint work with Jacob Tsimerman we study when the primitive
of a given algebraic function can be constructed using primitives
from some given finite set of algebraic functions, their inverses,
algebraic functions, and composition. When the given finite set is just {1/x}
this is the classical problem of "elementary integrability".
We establish some results, including a decision procedure for this problem.

Fri, 17 Jun 2022

10:00 - 11:00
L4

Silt build up at Peel Ports locks

David Porter (Carbon Limiting Technologies), Chris Breward, Daniel Alty (Peel Ports; joining remotely)
(Peel Ports)
Abstract

Peel Ports operate a number of locks that allow ships to enter and leave the port. The lock gates comprise a single caisson structure which blocks the waterway when closed and retracts into the dockside as the gate opens. Build up of silt ahead of the opening lock gate can prevent it from fully opening or requiring excessive power to move. If the lock is not able to fully open, ships are unable to enter the port, leading to significant operational impacts for the whole port. Peel ports are interested in understanding, and mitigating, this silt build up. 

Wed, 18 May 2022

12:45 - 14:00
L4

A pedestrian introduction to the geometry of 3d twisted indices

Andrea Ferrari
(Durham)
Further Information

Please note the unusual time.

Abstract

3d N=4 gauge theories can be studied on a circle times a closed Riemann surface. Their partition functions on this geometry, known as twisted indices, were computed some time ago using supersymmetric localisation on the Coulomb branch. An alternative perspective is to consider the theory as a supersymmetric quantum mechanics on S^1. In this talk I will review this point of view, which unveils interesting connection to topics in geometry such as wall-crossing and symplectic duality of quasi-maps.

Tue, 14 Jun 2022

14:00 - 15:00
L4

Resolution of the Erdős-Sauer problem on regular subgraphs

Benny Sudakov
(ETH Zurich)
Abstract

In this talk we discuss solution of the well-known problem of Erdős and Sauer from 1975 which asks for the maximum number of edges an $n$-vertex graph can have without containing a $k$-regular subgraph, for some fixed integer $k\geq 3$. We prove that any $n$-vertex graph with average degree at least $C_k\log\log n$ contains a $k$-regular subgraph. This matches the lower bound of Pyber, Rödl and Szemerédi and substantially
improves an old result of Pyber, who showed that average degree at least $C_k\log n$ is enough.

Our method can also be used to settle asymptotically a problem raised by Erdős and Simonovits in 1970 on almost regular subgraphs of sparse graphs and to make progress on the well-known question of Thomassen from 1983 on finding subgraphs with large girth and large average degree.

Joint work with Oliver Janzer

Tue, 10 May 2022

14:00 - 15:00
L4

A Ramsey problem in blowups of graphs

António Girão
(Oxford)
Abstract

For graphs $G$ and $H$, we say $G \stackrel{r}{\to} H$ if every $r$-colouring of the edges of $G$ contains a monochromatic copy of $H$. Let $H[t]$ denote the $t$-blowup of $H$. The blowup Ramsey number $B(G \stackrel{r}{\to} H;t)$ is the minimum $n$ such that $G[n] \stackrel{r}{\to} H[t]$. Fox, Luo and Wigderson refined an upper bound of Souza, showing that, given $G$, $H$ and $r$ such that $G \stackrel{r}{\to} H$, there exist constants $a=a(G,H,r)$ and $b=b(H,r)$ such that for all $t \in \mathbb{N}$, $B(G \stackrel{r}{\to} H;t) \leq ab^t$. They conjectured that there exist some graphs $H$ for which the constant $a$ depending on $G$ is necessary. We prove this conjecture by showing that the statement is true when $H$ is a $3$-chromatically connected, which includes all cliques on $3$ or more vertices. We are also able to show perhaps surprisingly that for any forest $F$ there is $f(F,t)$ such that  for any $G \stackrel{r}{\to} H$, $B(G \stackrel{r}{\to} H;t)\leq f(F,t)$ i.e. the function does not depend on the ground graph $G$. This is joint work with Robert Hancock.

Thu, 12 May 2022

15:30 - 16:30
L4

Representations of p-adic groups – with a twist

Jessica Fintzen
(Bonn University)
Abstract

The Langlands program is a far-reaching collection of conjectures that relate different areas of mathematics including number theory and representation theory. A fundamental problem on the representation theory side of the Langlands program is the construction of all (irreducible, smooth, complex or mod-$\ell$) representations of p-adic groups. I will provide an overview of our understanding of the representations of p-adic groups, with an emphasis on recent progress including joint work with Kaletha and Spice that introduces a twist to the story, and outline some applications.

Wed, 11 May 2022

13:00 - 14:30
L4

Refinements of G2 structures

Matthew Magill
(Uppsala)
Further Information

Note the unusual time 13:00.

Abstract

G2 structure manifolds are a key ingredient in supersymmetric compactifications on seven-manifolds. We will discuss the fact that G2 structure manifolds admit refinements in the form of almost contact (3-) structures.  In fact, there are infinite dimensional spaces of these structures. We will discuss topological and differential geometric aspects of (the space of) these refinements. We will then explore applications in physics, including supersymmetry enhancement. This is based on 2101.12605.

Tue, 03 May 2022

12:00 - 13:00
L4

Burns holography

Atul Sharma
((Oxford University))
Abstract

Holography in asymptotically flat spaces is one of the most coveted goals of modern mathematical physics. In this talk, I will motivate a novel holographic description of self-dual SO(8) Yang-Mills + self-dual conformal gravity on a Euclidean signature, asymptotically flat background called Burns space. The holographic dual lives on a stack of D1-branes wrapping a CP^1 cycle in the twistor space of R^4 and is given by a gauged beta-gamma system with SO(8) flavor and a pair of defects at the north and south poles. It provides the first example of a stringy realization of (asymptotically) flat holography and is a Euclidean signature variant of celestial holography. This is based on ongoing work with Kevin Costello and Natalie Paquette.

Thu, 02 Jun 2022

14:30 - 15:45
L4

Non-elementary categoricity and projective o-minimal classes

Boris Zilber
(University of Oxford)
Abstract

Given a cover $U$ of a family of smooth complex algebraic varieties, we associate with it a class $C$ of structures locally definable in an o-minimal expansion of the reals, containing the cover $U$.  We prove that the class is $\aleph_0$-homogeneous over submodels and stable. It follows that $C$ is categorical in cardinality $\aleph_1$. In the one-dimensional case we prove that a slight modification of $C$ is an abstract elementary class categorical in all uncountable cardinals.

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