Past PDE CDT Lunchtime Seminar

17 January 2019
12:00
Abstract

In this talk I will illustrate how solutions of nonlinear nonlocal Fokker-Planck equations in a bounded domain with no-flux boundary conditions can be approximated by Cauchy problems with increasingly strong confining potentials defined outside such domain. Two different approaches are analysed, making crucial use of uniform estimates for energy and entropy functionals respectively. In both cases we prove that the problem in a bounded domain can be seen as a limit problem in the whole space involving a suitably chosen sequence of large confining potentials.
This is joint work with Maria Bruna and José Antonio Carrillo.
 

  • PDE CDT Lunchtime Seminar
29 November 2018
12:00
Jean-Philippe Nicolas
Abstract

This talk will be an introduction to the use of conformal methods in asymptotic analysis in general relativity. We shall consider the explicit example of flat spacetime (Minkowski spacetime). The full conformal compactification will be constructed. For a simple example of a conformally invariant equation (we'll take the wave equation), we shall see how the compactification allows to infer precise informations on the asymptotic behaviour of the solution in all directions, for a certain class of data at any rate. Then, depending on time and questions, I will either describe how a scattering theory can be constructed using the same method or, explain how conformal methods can be used on other asymptotically flat geometries.

  • PDE CDT Lunchtime Seminar
16 November 2018
12:00
Siran Li
Abstract

Harmonic map equations are an elliptic PDE system arising from the  
minimisation problem of Dirichlet energies between two manifolds. In  
this talk we present some some recent works concerning the symmetry  
and stability of harmonic maps. We construct a new family of  
''twisting'' examples of harmonic maps and discuss the existence,  
uniqueness and regularity issues. In particular, we characterise of  
singularities of minimising general axially symmetric harmonic maps,  
and construct non-minimising general axially symmetric harmonic maps  
with arbitrary 0- or 1-dimensional singular sets on the symmetry axis.  
Moreover, we prove the stability of harmonic maps from $\mathbb{B}^3$  
to $\mathbb{S}^2$ under $W^{1,p}$-perturbations of boundary data, for  
$p \geq 2$. The stability fails for $p <2$ due to Almgren--Lieb and  
Mazowiecka--Strzelecki.

(Joint work with Prof. Robert M. Hardt.)

  • PDE CDT Lunchtime Seminar
15 November 2018
12:00
Abstract

I will prove the 2d Biot-Savart law for the vorticity being an unbounded measure $\mu$, i.e. such that $\mu(\mathbb{R}^2)=\infty$, and show how can one infer some useful information concerning Kaden's spirals using it. Vorticities being unbounded measures appear naturally in the engineering literature as self-similar approximations of 2d Euler flows, see for instance Kaden's or Prandtl's spirals. Mathematicians are interested in such objects since they seem to be related to the questions of well-posedness of Delort's solutions of the 2d vortex sheet problem for the Euler equation. My talk is based on a common paper with K.Oleszkiewicz, M. Preisner and M. Szumanska.

  • PDE CDT Lunchtime Seminar
8 November 2018
12:00
Francisco Gancedo
Abstract

In this talk we consider several scenarios involving the interaction among incompressible fluids of different nature. The main concern is the dynamics of the free boundary separating the fluids, which evolves with the velocity flow. The important question to address is whether the regularity is preserved in time or, on the other hand, the system develops singularities. We focus on Navier-Stokes models, where the viscosity of the fluids play a crucial role. At first showing results of finite time blow-up for the case of vacuum-fluid interaction. Later discussing new recent results on global existence for 1996 P.L. Lions' conjecture for density patches evolving by inhomogeneous Navier-Stokes equations.

  • PDE CDT Lunchtime Seminar
25 October 2018
12:00
Shengguo Zhu
Abstract

We will talk about the Cauchy problem of the three-dimensional isentropic compressible Navier-Stokes equations. When viscosity coefficients are given as a constant multiple of density's power, based on some analysis  of  the nonlinear structure of this system, by introducing some new variables and the initial layer compatibility conditions, we identify the class of initial data admitting a local regular solution with far field vacuum and  finite energy  in some inhomogeneous Sobolev spaces, which solves an open problem of degenerate viscous flow partially mentioned by Bresh-Desjardins-Metivier (2006, Anal. Simi. Fluid Dynam.),  Jiu-Wang-Xin (2014, JMFM) and so on. Moreover, in contrast to the classical well-posedness theory in the case of  the constant viscosity,   we show   that one can not obtain any global classical solution whose $L^\infty$  norm of $u$ decays to zero as time $t$ goes to infinity under the assumptions on the conservation laws of total mass and momentum.

  • PDE CDT Lunchtime Seminar
18 October 2018
12:00
Ewelina Zatorska
Abstract

In this talk I will present the recent developments in the topic of existence of solutions to the two-fluid systems. I will discuss the application of approach developed by P.-L. Lions and E. Feireisl and explain the limitations of this technique in the context of multi-component flow models. A particular example of such a model is two-fluids Stokes system with single velocity field and two densities, and with an algebraic pressure law closure. The existence result that uses the compactness criterion introduced for the Navier-Stokes system by D. Bresch and P.-E. Jabin will be presented. I will also mention an innovative construction of solutions relying on the G. Crippa and C. DeLellis stability estimates for the transport equation.

  • PDE CDT Lunchtime Seminar
11 October 2018
12:00
Philipp Petersen
Abstract

Novel machine learning techniques based on deep learning, i.e., the data-driven manipulation of neural networks, have reported remarkable results in many areas such as image classification, game intelligence, or speech recognition. Driven by these successes, many scholars have started using them in areas which do not focus on traditional machine learning tasks. For instance, more and more researchers are employing neural networks to develop tools for the discretisation and solution of partial differential equations. Two reasons can be identified to be the driving forces behind the increased interest in neural networks in the area of the numerical analysis of PDEs. On the one hand, powerful approximation theoretical results have been established which demonstrate that neural networks can represent functions from the most relevant function classes with a minimal number of parameters. On the other hand, highly efficient machine learning techniques for the training of these networks are now available and can be used as a black box. In this talk, we will give an overview of some approaches towards the numerical treatment of PDEs with neural networks and study the two aspects above. We will recall some classical and some novel approximation theoretical results and tie these results to PDE discretisation. Afterwards, providing a counterpoint, we analyse the structure of network spaces and deduce considerable problems for the black box solver. In particular, we will identify a number of structural properties of the set of neural networks that render optimisation over this set especially challenging and sometimes impossible. The talk is based on joint work with Helmut Bölcskei, Philipp Grohs, Gitta Kutyniok, Felix Voigtlaender, and Mones Raslan

  • PDE CDT Lunchtime Seminar

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