Past PDE CDT Lunchtime Seminar

18 June 2020
12:00
Sebastian Schwarzacher
Abstract

I introduce a recently developed variational approach for hyperbolic PDE's. The method allows to show the existence of weak solutions to fluid-structure interactions where a visco-elastic bulk solid is interacting with an incompressible fluid governed by the unsteady Navier Stokes equations. This is a joint work with M. Kampschulte and B. Benesova.

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  • PDE CDT Lunchtime Seminar
11 June 2020
12:00
Abstract

In the talk, we study the Navier–Stokes-like problems for the flows of homogeneous incompressible fluids. We introduce a new type of boundary condition for the shear stress tensor, which includes an auxiliary stress function and the time derivative of the velocity. The auxiliary stress function serves to relate the normal stress to the slip velocity via rather general maximal monotone graph. In such way, we are able to capture the dynamic response of the fluid on the boundary. Also, the constitutive relation inside the domain is formulated implicitly. The main result is the existence analysis for these problems.

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  • PDE CDT Lunchtime Seminar
28 May 2020
15:00
Abstract

Given a curve , what is the surface  that has smallest area among all surfaces spanning ? This classical problem and its generalizations are called Plateau's problem. In this talk we consider area minimizers among the class of integral currents, or roughly speaking, orientable manifolds. Since the 1960s a lot of work has been done by De Giorgi, Almgren, et al to study the interior regularity of these minimizers. Much less is known about the boundary regularity, in the case of codimension greater than 1. I will speak about some recent progress in this direction.

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  • PDE CDT Lunchtime Seminar
7 May 2020
12:00
Cristiana De FIlippis
Abstract

Non-uniformly elliptic functionals are variational integrals like
\[
(1) \qquad \qquad W^{1,1}_{loc}(\Omega,\mathbb{R}^{N})\ni w\mapsto \int_{\Omega} \left[F(x,Dw)-f\cdot w\right] \, \textrm{d}x,
\]
characterized by quite a wild behavior of the ellipticity ratio associated to their integrand $F(x,z)$, in the sense that the quantity
$$
\sup_{\substack{x\in B \\ B\Subset \Omega \ \small{\mbox{open ball}}}}\mathcal R(z, B):=\sup_{\substack{x\in B \\ B\Subset \Omega \ \small{\mbox{open ball}}}} \frac{\mbox{highest eigenvalue of}\ \partial_{z}^{2} F(x,z)}{\mbox{lowest eigenvalue of}\  \partial_{z}^{2} F(x,z)} $$
may blow up as $|z|\to \infty$. 
We analyze the interaction between the space-depending coefficient of the integrand and the forcing term $f$ and derive optimal Lipschitz criteria for minimizers of (1). We catch the main model cases appearing in the literature, such as functionals with unbalanced power growth or with fast exponential growth such as
$$
w \mapsto \int_{\Omega} \gamma_1(x)\left[\exp(\exp(\dots \exp(\gamma_2(x)|Dw|^{p(x)})\ldots))-f\cdot w \right]\, \textrm{d}x
$$
or
$$
w\mapsto \int_{\Omega}\left[|Dw|^{p(x)}+a(x)|Dw|^{q(x)}-f\cdot w\right] \, \textrm{d}x.
$$
Finally, we find new borderline regularity results also in the uniformly elliptic case, i.e. when
$$\mathcal{R}(z,B)\sim \mbox{const}\quad \mbox{for all balls} \ \ B\Subset \Omega.$$

The talk is based on:
C. De Filippis, G. Mingione, Lipschitz bounds and non-autonomous functionals. $\textit{Preprint}$ (2020).

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  • PDE CDT Lunchtime Seminar
5 March 2020
12:00
Lenka Slavíková
Abstract

In this talk, we discuss Sobolev embeddings into rearrangement-invariant function spaces on (regular) domains in $\mathbb{R}^n$ endowed with measures whose decay on balls is dominated by a power $d$ of their radius, called $d$-Frostman measures. We show that these embeddings can be deduced from one-dimensional inequalities for an operator depending on $n$, $d$ and the order $m$ of the Sobolev space. We also point out an interesting feature of this theory - namely that the results take a substantially different form depending on whether the measure is decaying fast ($d\geq n-m$) or slowly ($d<n-m$). This is a
joint work with Andrea Cianchi and Lubos Pick.

  • PDE CDT Lunchtime Seminar
27 February 2020
12:00
Juan Davila
Abstract

I will describe new solutions to the stationary Ginzburg-Landau equation in 3 dimensions with vortex lines given by interacting helices, with degree one around each filament and total degree an arbitrary positive integer. I will also present results on the asymptotic behavior of vortices in the entire plane for a dissipative Ginzburg-Landau equation. This is work in collaboration with Manuel del Pino, Remy Rodiac, Maria Medina, Monica Musso and Juncheng Wei.

  • PDE CDT Lunchtime Seminar
20 February 2020
12:00
Cintia Pacchiano
Abstract

In this talk I will discuss some aspects of the potential theory, fine properties and boundary behaviour of the solutions to the Total Variation Flow. Instead of the classical Euclidean setting, we intend to work mostly in the general setting of metric measure spaces. During the past two decades, a theory of Sobolev functions and BV functions has been developed in this abstract setting.  A central motivation for developing such a theory has been the desire to unify the assumptions and methods employed in various specific spaces, such as weighted Euclidean spaces, Riemannian manifolds, Heisenberg groups, graphs, etc.

The total variation flow can be understood as a process diminishing the total variation using the gradient descent method.  This idea can be reformulated using parabolic minimizers, and it gives rise to a definition of variational solutions.  The advantages of the approach using a minimization formulation include much better convergence and stability properties.  This is a very essential advantage as the solutions naturally lie only in the space of BV functions. Our main goal is to give a necessary and sufficient condition for continuity at a given point for proper solutions to the total variation flow in metric spaces. This is joint work with Vito Buffa and Juha Kinnunen.

  • PDE CDT Lunchtime Seminar
13 February 2020
12:00
Tristan Giron / Craig Roberston
Abstract

The second fundamental form of an embedded manifold must satisfy a set of constraint equations known as the Gauß-Codazzi equations. Since work of Chen-Slemrod-Wang, these equations are known to satisfy a particular div-curl structure: under suitable L^p bound on the second fundamental form, the curvatures are weakly continuous. In this talk we explore generalisations of this original result under weaker assumptions. We show how techniques from fluid dynamics can yield interesting insight into the weak continuity properties of isometric embeddings.

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Teichmüller harmonic map flow is a geometric flow designed to evolve combinations of maps and metrics on a surface into minimal surfaces in a Riemannian manifold. I will introduce the flow and describe known existence results, and discuss recent joint work with M. Rupflin that demonstrates how singularities can develop in the metric component in finite time.

 

  • PDE CDT Lunchtime Seminar
6 February 2020
12:00
Katie Gittins
Abstract


Let $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^n$, $n \geq 2$, be a bounded, connected, open set with Lipschitz boundary.
Let $u$ be an eigenfunction of the Laplacian on $\Omega$ with either a Dirichlet, Neumann or Robin boundary condition.
If an eigenfunction $u$ associated with the $k$--th eigenvalue has exactly $k$ nodal domains, then we call it a Courant-sharp eigenfunction. In this case, we call the corresponding eigenvalue a Courant-sharp eigenvalue.

We first discuss some known results for the Courant-sharp Dirichlet and Neumann eigenvalues of the Laplacian on Euclidean domains.

We then discuss whether the Robin eigenvalues of the Laplacian on the square are Courant-sharp.

This is based on joint work with B. Helffer (Université de Nantes).
 

  • PDE CDT Lunchtime Seminar

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