Post-production in Panopto

The suggestions here are illustrated in the sample video, which is also available on the main Panopto guidance page.


It is good practice to include captions on videos, for accessibility, as this can help a range of viewers. Panopto automatically generates captions, and students can choose whether or not they see these.  At the very least, you are advised to check that the automatic captions do not contain any inappropriate words that you would not want included.  Also, note that if you edit out a section of a lecture then the corresponding captions will not necessarily be deleted.  If you have time available, then you can edit more fully to correct any issues, which will make the captions more useful for students.

If you don't see the captions automatically for your video, then you will need to follow the steps in section 1 of to import them (this is straightforward) -- note that they will appear automatically anyway when your video is transferred to the central folders from which students access them.  You can also go to My Folder --> Settings and choose to configure your folder so that captions are automatically imported for your videos.

There are two options for editing automatic captions; you should use one or the other - mixing and matching might not work.  Whichever you use, you are strongly advised to do any editing of your video before working on the captions.  You will then need to press the "Apply" button, so that your editing takes effect, before working on the captions.

1. Edit directly within Panopto.  For more information about how to do this, see (scroll down to section 3). 

2. Download the automatic captions from Panopto, edit them in your favourite text editor, then upload them again.  In more detail:

  • Find your video in My Folder.  Choose Settings --> Captions.  Under Available Captions, click on Default to expand it.  You can choose Download file, which has the captions and timestamps of the edited video (but note that some captions may be missing, if they started during time periods that you removed during editing), or Download unedited file, which has the captions and timestamps of the video before you started editing.
  • This downloads a .txt file to your computer, which you can edit in your favourite text editor (Notepad or ...).  This allows you to use tools such as "Find" and "Replace", if there are consistent errors.
  • When you have finished, go back to Settings --> Captions.  At the bottom, you'll find Upload Captions.  If you chose Download file, then tick "Captions are based on the edited session" (so that the timestamps match).  If you chose Download unedited file, then do not tick this box.  Select the file, and upload it.
  • In the Settings --> Captions box, you now need to delete the original captions (from the same place where you downloaded them), so that Panopto uses your newly uploaded captions instead.  Click on Default to expand it (you should now see a second option here, in addition to Default), and select Delete.

Preview image

You can choose the preview image that will show for your video.  This might be your title slide, or something else that helps the viewer to see what the video will be about.  Panopto will automatically select an image (your first PowerPoint slide, or an image from just after the start of recording).  If Panopto doesn’t automatically use the image you want, then it easy to select your own.  See

Table of contents

After you have made your video, it is straightforward to create a “table of contents” within Panopto, which means the viewer can click on a heading and jump straight to that point in the video.  If your video is relatively long, then this might be particularly helpful: you could pick out the start of a new section, or key definitions/theorems.  See


It is straightforward to include a short text description of a video within Panopto, for example summarising the content or indicating the relevant section of the notes. See

Merging videos

It is possible to merge two videos within Panopto, see