Past Geometry and Analysis Seminar

12 February 2018
14:15
Paul Ziegler
Abstract

I will talk about recent work, joint with M. Gröchenig and D. Wyss, on two related results involving the cohomology of moduli spaces of Higgs bundles. The first is a positive answer to a conjecture of Hausel and Thaddeus which predicts the equality of suitably defined Hodge numbers of moduli spaces of Higgs bundles with SL(n)- and PGL(n)-structure. The second is a new proof of Ngô's geometric stabilization theorem which appears in the proof of the fundamental lemma. I will give an introduction to these theorems and outline our argument, which, inspired by work of Batyrev, proceeds by comparing the number of points of these moduli spaces over finite fields via p-adic integration.

 

  • Geometry and Analysis Seminar
5 February 2018
14:15
Ailsa Keating
Abstract

In real dimension two, the symplectic mapping class group of a surface agrees with its `classical' mapping class group, whose properties are well-understood. To what extend do these generalise to higher-dimensions? We consider specific pairs of symplectic manifolds (S, M), where S is a surface, together with collections of Lagrangian spheres in S and in M, say v_1, ...,v_k and V_1, ...,V_k, that have analogous intersection patterns, in a sense that we will make precise. Our main theorem is that any relation between the Dehn twists in the V_i must also hold between Dehn twists in the v_i. Time allowing, we will give some corollaries, such as embeddings of certain interesting groups into auto-equivalence groups of Fukaya categories.

 

  • Geometry and Analysis Seminar
29 January 2018
14:15
Abstract

First, we will discuss sequences of closed minimal hypersurfaces (in closed Riemannian manifolds of dimension up to 7) that have uniformly bounded index and area. In particular, we explain a bubbling result which yields a bound on the total curvature along the sequence and, as a consequence, topological control in terms of index and area. We then specialise to minimal surfaces in ambient manifolds of dimension 3, where we use the bubbling analysis to obtain smooth multiplicity-one convergence under bounds on the index and genus. This is joint work with Lucas Ambrozio, Alessandro Carlotto, and Ben Sharp

  • Geometry and Analysis Seminar
22 January 2018
14:15
Brent Doran
Abstract

 The basic algebra-geometry dictionary for finitely generated k-algebras is one of the triumphs of 19th and early 20th century mathematics.  However, classes of related rings, such as their k-subalgebras, lack clean general properties or organizing principles, even when they arise naturally in problems of smooth projective geometry.  “Stabilization” in smooth topology and symplectic geometry, achieved by products with Euclidean space, substantially simplifies many
problems.  We discuss an analog in the more rigid setting of algebraic and arithmetic geometry, which, among other things (e.g., applications to counting rational points), gives some structure to the study of k-subalgebras.  We focus on the case of the moduli space of stable rational n-pointed curves to illustrate.

 

  • Geometry and Analysis Seminar
4 December 2017
14:15
Abstract

A bold conjecture of Boyer-Gorden-Watson and others posit that for any irreducible rational homology 3-sphere M the following three conditions are equivalent: (1) the fundamental group of M is left-orderable, (2) M has non-minimal Heegaard Floer homology, and (3) M admits a co-orientable taut foliation. Very recently, this conjecture was established for all graph manifolds by the combined work of Boyer-Clay and Hanselman-Rasmussen-Rasmussen-Watson. I will discuss a computational survey of these properties involving half a million hyperbolic 3-manifolds, including new or at least improved techniques for computing each of these properties.
 

  • Geometry and Analysis Seminar
27 November 2017
14:15
Matthias Wink
Abstract

In this talk two different methods for constructing complete steady and expanding Ricci solitons of cohomogeneity one will be discussed. The first is based on an estimate on the growth of the soliton potential and holds for large classes of cohomogeneity one manifolds. The second approach is specific to the two summands case and uses a Lyapunov function. This method also carries over to the Einstein case and as an application, a simplified construction of B\"ohm's Einstein metrics of positive scalar curvature on spheres will be explained.

 

  • Geometry and Analysis Seminar
20 November 2017
14:15
Ben Davison
Abstract

Associated to a finite graph without loops is the Kac-Moody Lie algebra for the Cartan matrix whose off diagonal entries are (minus) the adjacency matrix for the graph.  Two famous conjectures of Kac, proved by Hausel, Letellier and Villegas, hint that there may be some larger cohomologically graded algebra associated to the graph (even if there are loops), providing "higher" Kac moody Lie algebras, or at least their positive halves.  Using work with Sven Meinhardt, I will give a geometric construction of the (full) Kac-Moody algebra for a general finite graph, using cohomological DT theory.  Along the way we'll see a proof of the positivity conjecture for the modified Kac polynomials of Bozec, Schiffmann and Vasserot counting various types of representations of quivers.

 

  • Geometry and Analysis Seminar
13 November 2017
14:15
Mehdi Yazdi
Abstract

A generic surface homeomorphism (up to isotopy) is what we call it pseudo-Anosov. These maps come equipped with an algebraic integer that measures
how much the map stretches/shrinks in different direction, called the stretch factor. Given a surface homeomorsphism, one can ask if it is the lift (by a branched or unbranched cover) of another homeomorphism on a simpler surface possibly of small genus. Farb conjectured that if the algebraic degree of the stretch factor is bounded above, then the map can be obtained by lifting another homeomorphism on a surface of bounded genus.
This was known to be true for quadratic algebraic integers by a Theorem of Franks-Rykken. We construct counterexamples to Farb's conjecture.

 

  • Geometry and Analysis Seminar
6 November 2017
14:15
Marco Golla
Abstract


We give new obstructions to the existence of planar open books on contact structures, in terms of the homology of their fillings. I will talk about applications to links of surface singularities, Seifert fibred spaces, and integer homology spheres. No prior knowledge of contact or symplectic topology will be assumed. This is joint work with Paolo Ghiggini and Olga Plamenevskaya.
 

  • Geometry and Analysis Seminar
30 October 2017
14:15
Markus Upmeier
Abstract

We show that a closed almost Kähler 4-manifold of globally constant holomorphic sectional curvature k<=0 with respect to the canonical Hermitian connection is automatically Kähler. The same result holds for k < 0 if we require in addition that the Ricci curvature is J-invariant. The proofs are based on the observation that such manifolds are self-dual, so that Chern–Weil theory implies useful integral formulas, which are then combined with results from Seiberg–Witten theory.

  • Geometry and Analysis Seminar

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