Forthcoming events in this series

Thu, 23 Oct 2008

11:00 - 12:00

Model completeness results for certain Pfaffian structures

Gareth Jones
I show that the expansion of the real field by a total Pfaffian chain is model complete in a language with symbols for the functions in the chain, the exponential and all real constants. In particular, the expansion of the reals by all total Pfaffian functions is model complete.
Thu, 16 Oct 2008

17:00 - 18:00

Definably compact, connected groups are elementarily equivalent to compact real Lie groups

Kobi Peterzil

(joint work with E. Hrushovski and A. Pillay)

If G is a definably compact, connected group definable in an o-minimal structure then, as is known, G/Z(G) is semisimple (no infinite normal abelian subgroup).

We show, that in every o-minimal expansion of an ordered group:

If G is a definably connected central extension of a semisimple group then it is bi-intepretable, over parameters, with the two-sorted structure (G/Z(G), Z(G)). Many corollaries follow for definably connected, definably compact G.
Here are two:

1. (G,.) is elementarily equivalent to a compact, connected real Lie group of the same dimension.

2. G can be written as an almost direct product of Z(G) and [G,G], and this last group is definable as well (note that in general [G,G] is a countable union of definable sets, thus not necessarily definable).

Thu, 09 Oct 2008

On Intersection with Tori

Amador Martin-Pizarro
(Université Lyon I)
In 2006, a bad field was constructed (together with Baudisch, Hils and Wagner) collapsing Poizat's green fields. In this talk, we will not concentrate on the general methodology for collapsing specific structures, but more on a specific result in algebraic geometry, a weaker version of the Conjecture on Intersection with Tori (CIT). We will present a model theoretical proof of this result as well as discuss the possible generalizations to positive characteristic. We will try to make the talk  self-contained and aimed for an audience with a basic acquaintance with Model Theory.

Wed, 23 Jul 2008

14:30 - 15:30

Isomorphism Types of Maximal Cofinitary Groups

Bart Kastermans
Cofinitary groups are subgroups of the symmetric group on the natural numbers

(elements are bijections from the natural numbers to the natural numbers, and

the operation is composition) in which all elements other than the identity

have at most finitely many fixed points. We will give a motivation for the

question of which isomorphism types are possible for maximal cofinitary

groups. And explain some of the results we achieved so far.

Fri, 13 Jun 2008

Representations of positive real polynomials

Alex Prestel
We consider finite sequences $h = (h_1, . . . h_s)$ of real polynomials in $X_1, . . . ,X_n$ and assume that

the semi-algebraic subset $S(h)$ of $R^n$ defined by $h1(a1, . . . , an) \leq 0$, . . . , $hs(a1, . . . , an) \leq 0$ is

bounded. We call $h$ (quadratically) archimedean if every real polynomial $f$, strictly positive on

$S(h)$, admits a representation

$f = \sigma_0 + h_1\sigma_1 + \cdots + h_s\sigma_s$

with each $\sigma_i$ being a sum of squares of real polynomials.

If every $h_i$ is linear, the sequence h is archimedean. In general, h need not be archimedean.

There exists an abstract valuation theoretic criterion for h to be archimedean. We are, however,

interested in an effective procedure to decide whether h is archimedean or not.

In dimension n = 2, E. Cabral has given an effective geometric procedure for this decision

problem. Recently, S. Wagner has proved decidability for all dimensions using among others

model theoretic tools like the Ax-Kochen-Ershov Theorem.

Thu, 12 Jun 2008

Characterizing Z in Q with a universal-existential formula

Bjorn Poonen
Refining Julia Robinson's 1949 work on the undecidability of the first order theory of Q, we prove that Z is definable in Q by a formula with 2 universal quantifiers followed by 7 existential quantifiers. It follows that there is no algorithm for deciding, given an algebraic family of Q-morphisms, whether there exists one that is surjective on rational points.
Fri, 06 Jun 2008

15:15 - 16:15

Fixed-Point Logics and Inductive Definitions

Stephan Kreutzer
(Oxford Comlab)
Fixed-point logics are a class of logics designed for formalising

recursive or inductive definitions. Being initially studied in

generalised recursion theory by Moschovakis and others, they have later

found numerous applications in computer science, in areas

such as database theory, finite model theory, and verification.

A common feature of most fixed-point logics is that they extend a basic

logical formalism such as first-order or modal logic by explicit

constructs to form fixed points of definable operators. The type of

fixed points that can be formed as well as the underlying logic

determine the expressive power and complexity of the resulting logics.

In this talk we will give a brief introduction to the various extensions

of first-order logic by fixed-point constructs and give some examples

for properties definable in the different logics. In the main part of

the talk we will concentrate on extensions of first-order

logic by least and inflationary fixed points. In particular, we

compare the expressive power and complexity of the resulting logics.

The main result will be to show that while the two logics have rather

different properties, they are equivalent in expressive power on the

class of all structures.

Fri, 16 May 2008

Schanuel’s Conjecture and free E-rings in o-minimal structures

Giuseppina Terzo
(Universidade de Lisboa and Oxford)
In recent years Schanuel’s Conjecture (SC) has played a fundamental role

in the Theory of Transcendental Numbers and in decidability issues.

Macintyre and Wilkie proved the decidability of the real exponential field,

modulo (SC), solving in this way a problem left open by A. Tarski.

Moreover, Macintyre proved that the exponential subring of R generated

by 1 is free on no generators. In this line of research we obtained that in

the exponential ring $(\mathbb{C}, ex)$, there are no further relations except $i^2 = −1$

and $e^{i\pi} = −1$ modulo SC. Assuming Schanuel’s Conjecture we proved that

the E-subring of $\mathbb{R}$ generated by $\pi$ is isomorphic to the free E-ring on $\pi$.

These results have consequences in decidability issues both on $(\mathbb{C}, ex)$ and

$(\mathbb{R}, ex)$. Moreover, we generalize the previous results obtaining, without

assuming Schanuel’s conjecture, that the E-subring generated by a real

number not definable in the real exponential field is freely generated. We

also obtain a similar result for the complex exponential field.

Fri, 09 May 2008

15:15 - 16:15

Slim Fields

Jochen Koenigsmann
Fri, 02 May 2008

Definability in differential Hasse fields and related geometric questions

Franck Benoist
(University of Leeds)
I will give a few model theoretic properties for fields with a Hasse derivation which are existentially closed. I will explain how some type-definable sets allow us to understand properties of some algebraic varieties, mainly concerning their field of definition.
Fri, 07 Mar 2008

Strong theories, weight, and the independence property

Hans Adler
I will explain the connection between Shelah's recent notion of strongly dependent theories and finite weight in simple theories. The connecting notion of a strong theory is new, but implicit in Shelah's book. It is related to absence of the tree property of the second kind in a similar way as supersimplicity is related to simplicity and strong dependence to NIP.
Fri, 29 Feb 2008

Arithmetic in groups of piece-wise affine permutations of an interval

Alexey Muranov
Bardakov and Tolstykh have recently shown that Richard Thompson's group

$F$ interprets the Arithmetic $(\mathbb Z,+,\times)$ with parameters. We

consider a class of infinite groups of piecewise affine permutations of

an interval which contains all the three groups of Thompson and some

classical families of finitely presented infinite simple groups. We have

interpreted the Arithmetic in all the groups of this class. In particular

we have obtained that the elementary theories of all these groups are

undecidable. Additionally, we have interpreted the Arithmetic in $F$ and

some of its generalizations without parameters.

This is a joint work with Tuna Altınel.

Thu, 28 Feb 2008

Zariski reducts of o-minimal structures

Piotr Kowalski
This is joint work with Assaf Hasson. We consider non-locally modular strongly minimal reducts of o-minimal expansions of reals. Under additional assumptions we show they have a Zariski structure.
Fri, 22 Feb 2008

Non Archimedian Geometry and Model Theory

Francois Loeser
We shall present work in progress in collaboration with E. Hrushovski on the geometry of spaces of stably dominated types in connection with non archimedean geometry \`a la Berkovich
Fri, 15 Feb 2008

Small subgroups of the circle group

Ayhan Gunaydin
There is a well-behaving class of dense ordered abelian groups called "regularly dense ordered abelian groups". This first order property of ordered abelian groups is introduced by Robinson and Zakon as a generalization of being an archimedean ordered group. Every dense subgroup of the additive group of reals is regularly dense. In this talk we consider subgroups of the multiplicative group, S, of all complex numbers of modulus 1. Such groups are not ordered, however they have an "orientation" on them: this is a certain ternary relation on them that is invariant under multiplication. We have a natural correspondence between oriented abelian groups, on one side, and ordered abelian groups satisfying a cofinality condition with respect to a distinguished positive element 1, on the other side. This correspondence preserves model-theoretic relations like elementary equivalence. Then we shall introduce a first-order notion of "regularly dense" oriented abelian group; all infinite subgroups of S are regularly dense in their induced orientation. Finally we shall consider the model theoretic structure (R,Gamma), where R is the field of real numbers, and Gamma is dense subgroup of S satisfying the Mann property, interpreted as a subset of R^2. We shall determine the elementary theory of this structure.
Fri, 01 Feb 2008


Fri, 18 Jan 2008

Randomised structures and theories

Itai Ben Yaacov
H. Jerome Keisler suggested to associate to each classical structure M a family of "random" structures consisting of random variables with values in M . Viewing the random structures as structures in continuous logic one is able to prove preservation results of various "good" model theoretic properties e.g., stability and dependence, from the original structure to its randomisation. On the other hand, simplicity is not preserved by this construction. The work discussed is mostly due to H.

Jerome Keisler and myself (given enough time I might discuss some applications obtains in joint work with Alex Usvyatsov).

Thu, 22 Nov 2007

Minimal definable sets in difference fields.

Alice Medvedev
I will speak about the Zilber trichotomy for weakly minimal difference varieties, and the definable structure on them.

A difference field is a field with a distinguished automorphism $\sigma$. Solution sets of systems of polynomial difference equations like

$3 x \sigma(x) +4x +\sigma^2(x) +17 =0$ are the quantifier-free definable subsets of difference fields. These \emph{difference varieties} are similar to varieties in algebraic geometry, except uglier, both from an algebraic and from a model-theoretic point of view.

ACFA, the model-companion of the theory of difference fields, is a supersimple theory whose minimal (i.e. U-rank $1$) types satisfy the Zilber's Trichotomy Conjecture that any non-trivial definable structure on the set of realizations of a minimal type $p$ must come from a definable one-based group or from a definable field. Every minimal type $p$ in ACFA contains a (weakly) minimal quantifier-free formula $\phi_p$, and often the difference variety defined by $\phi_p$ determines which case of the Zilber Trichotomy $p$ belongs to.