Past Forthcoming Seminars

23 July 2020
16:00
Abstract

The random initialisation of Artificial Neural Networks (ANN) allows one to describe, in the functional space, the limit of the evolution of ANN when their width tends towards infinity. Within this limit, an ANN is initially a Gaussian process and follows, during learning, a gradient descent convoluted by a kernel called the Neural Tangent Kernel.

Connecting neural networks to the well-established theory of kernel methods allows us to understand the dynamics of neural networks, their generalization capability. In practice, it helps to select appropriate architectural features of the network to be trained. In addition, it provides new tools to address the finite size setting.

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21 July 2020
12:00
Yannick Herfray
Abstract

Since the seminal work of Penrose, it has been understood that conformal compactifications (or "asymptotic simplicity") is the geometrical framework underlying Bondi-Sachs' description of asymptotically flat space-times as an asymptotic expansion. From this point of view the asymptotic boundary, a.k.a "null-infinity", naturally is a conformal null (i.e degenerate) manifold. In particular, "Weyl rescaling" of null-infinity should be understood as gauge transformations. As far as gravitational waves are concerned, it has been well advertised by Ashtekar that if one works with a fixed representative for the conformal metric, gravitational radiations can be neatly parametrized as a choice of "equivalence class of metric-compatible connections". This nice intrinsic description however amounts to working in a fixed gauge and, what is more, the presence of equivalence class tend to make this point of view tedious to work with.

I will review these well-known facts and show how modern methods in conformal geometry (namely tractor calculus) can be adapted to the degenerate conformal geometry of null-infinity to encode the presence of gravitational waves in a completely geometrical (gauge invariant) way: Ashtekar's (equivalence class of) connections are proved to be in 1-1 correspondence with choices of (genuine) tractor connection, gravitational radiation is invariantly described by the tractor curvature and the degeneracy of gravity vacua correspond to the degeneracy of flat tractor connections. The whole construction is fully geometrical and manifestly conformally invariant.

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14 July 2020
15:30
Tamara Grava
Abstract
We consider the Fermi-Pasta-Ulam-Tsingou (FPUT) chain composed by N particles  on the line  and endowed the phase space with the Gibbs measure at temperature 1/beta. We prove that the   integrals of motion of the Toda chain  are adiabatic invariants for the FPTU chain for times of order beta. Further we prove that certain combination of the harmonic energies are adiabatic invariants  of the FPUT chain  on the same time scale, while they are adiabatic invariants for Toda chain for all times. Joint work with A. Maspero, G. Mazzuca and A. Ponno.
  • Random Matrix Theory Seminars
9 July 2020
16:00
Horatio Boedihardjo
Abstract

The concept of path signatures has been widely used in several areas of pure mathematics including in applications to data science. However, we remain unable to answer even the most basic questions about it. For instance, how to fully characterise the set of (untruncated) signatures of bounded variation paths? Can certain norms on signatures be related to the length of a path, like in Fourier isometry? In this talk, we will review some known results, explain the open problems and discuss their difficulties.

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2 July 2020
16:00
to
17:30
Nigel Higson

Further Information: 

Part of UK virtual operator algebra seminar: https://sites.google.com/view/uk-operator-algebras-seminar/home

Abstract

Abstract: John Roe was a much admired figure in topology and noncommutative geometry, and the creator of the C*-algebraic approach to coarse geometry. John died in 2018 at the age of 58. My aim in the first part of the lecture will be to explain in very general terms the major themes in John’s work, and illustrate them by presenting one of his best-known results, the partitioned manifold index theorem. After the break I shall describe a later result, about relative eta invariants, that has inspired an area of research that is still very active.


Assumed Knowledge: First part: basic familiarity with C*-algebras, plus a little topology. Second part: basic familiarity with K-theory for C*-algebras.

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  • Functional Analysis Seminar
30 June 2020
15:30
Gaultier Lambert
Abstract

In the first part of the talk, I will review the basic ideas behind Stein’s method for normal approximation and present a general result which we obtained in arXiv:1706.10251 (joint work with Michel Ledoux and Christian Webb). This result states that for a Gibbs measure, an eigenfunction of the corresponding infinitesimal generator is approximately Gaussian in a sense which will be made precise. In the second part, I will report on several applications in random matrix theory. This includes a proof of Johansson’s central limit theorem for linear statistics of beta-ensembles on \R, as well as an application to circular beta-ensembles in the high temperature regime (based on arXiv:1909.01142, joint work with Adrien Hardy).

  • Random Matrix Theory Seminars
25 June 2020
17:00
Atul Sharma
Abstract

It is a well-known fact that conformal structures on Riemann surfaces are in 1:1 correspondence with complex structures, but have you ever wondered whether this is just a fluke in 2 dimensions? In this talk, I will explain the concept of Penrose's "non-linear graviton", a fancy name for the twistor space of a hyperkahler manifold and one of the major historical achievements of Oxford maths. The twistor correspondence associates points of the hyperkahler manifold with certain holomorphic rational curves embedded in twistor space. We will see how information of the hyperkahler metric can be encoded purely in the complex structure on twistor space, giving a partial but welcome generalization of the 2-dimensional "fluke". Then I will outline a recently found Dolbeault-framework for the metric's reconstruction from local representatives of this complex structure. This provides an explicit integral formula for Kahler forms and consequently for the hyperkahler metric in terms of holomorphic data on twistor space. Finally, time permitting, I will discuss some interesting applications to (some or all of) PDEs, hyperkahler quotients, and the physics of "quantum gravity".
 

  • Junior Geometry and Topology Seminar
25 June 2020
16:00
to
18:00
Abstract

We present a method for obtaining approximate solutions to the problem of optimal execution, based on a signature method. The framework is general, only requiring that the price process is a geometric rough path and the price impact function is a continuous function of the trading speed. Following an approximation of the optimisation problem, we are able to calculate an optimal solution for the trading speed in the space of linear functions on a truncation of the signature of the price process. We provide strong numerical evidence illustrating the accuracy and flexibility of the approach. Our numerical investigation both examines cases where exact solutions are known, demonstrating that the method accurately approximates these solutions, and models where exact solutions are not known. In the latter case, we obtain favourable comparisons with standard execution strategies.

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