Past Junior Topology and Group Theory Seminar

4 November 2020
10:00
Abstract

I will discuss the notion of invariably generated groups, its importance, and some intuition. I will then present a construction of an invariably generated group that admits an index two subgroup that is not invariably generated. The construction answers questions of Wiegold and of Kantor-Lubotzky-Shalev. This is a joint work with Nir Lazarovich.

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  • Junior Topology and Group Theory Seminar
28 October 2020
10:00
Ido Grayevsky
Abstract

'Quasi-isometric rigidity' in group theory is the slogan for questions of the following nature: let A be some class of groups (e.g. finitely presented groups). Suppose an abstract group H is quasi-isometric to a group in A: does it imply that H is in A? Such statements link the coarse geometry of a group with its algebraic structure. 

 

Much is known in the case A is some class of lattices in a given Lie group. I will present classical results and outline ideas in their proofs, emphasizing the geometric nature of the proofs. I will focus on one key ingredient, the quasi-flat rigidity, and discuss some geometric objects that come into play, such as neutered spaces, asymptotic cones and buildings. I will end the talk with recent developments and possible generalizations of these results and ideas.

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  • Junior Topology and Group Theory Seminar
21 October 2020
10:00
Dario Ascari
Abstract

Primitive elements are elements that are part of a basis for a free group. We present the classical Whitehead algorithm for the recognition of such elements, and discuss the ideas behind the proof. We also present a second algorithm, more recent and completely different in the approach.

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  • Junior Topology and Group Theory Seminar
14 October 2020
10:00
Mehdi Yazdi
Abstract

I will explain what it means for a manifold to have an affine structure and give an introduction to Benzecri's theorem stating that a closed surface admits an affine structure if and only if its Euler characteristic vanishes. I will also talk about an algebraic-topological generalization, due to Milnor and Wood, that bounds the Euler class of a flat circle bundle. No prior familiarity with the concepts is necessary.

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  • Junior Topology and Group Theory Seminar
3 June 2020
10:00
Thibault Decoppet
Abstract

Motivation for the study of fusion categories is twofold: Fusion categories arise in wide array of mathematical subjects, and provide the necessary input for some fascinating topological constructions. We will carefully define what fusion categories are, and give representation theoretic examples. Then, we will explain how fusion categories are inherently finite combinatorial objects. We proceed to construct an example that does not come from group theory. Time permitting, we will go some way towards introducing so-called modular tensor categories.

 

  • Junior Topology and Group Theory Seminar
27 May 2020
10:00
Abstract

Much progress in the study of 3-manifolds has been made by considering the geometric structures they admit. This is nowhere more true than for 3-manifolds which admit a hyperbolic structure. However, in the land of algorithms a more combinatorial approach is necessary, replacing our charts and isometries with finite simplicial complexes that are defined by a finite amount of data. 

In this talk we'll have a look at how in fact one can combine the two approaches, using the geometry of hyperbolic 3-manifolds to assist in this more combinatorial approach. To do so we'll combine tools from Hyperbolic Geometry, Triangulations, and perhaps suprisingly Polynomial Algebra to find explicit bounds on the runtime of an algorithm for comparing Hyperbolic manifolds.

  • Junior Topology and Group Theory Seminar
13 May 2020
10:00
Adele Jackson
Abstract

The mapping class group of a surface with boundary acts freely and properly discontinuously on the fatgraph complex, which is a contractible cell complex arising from a cell decomposition of Teichmuller space. We will use this action to get a presentation of the mapping class group in terms of fat graphs, and convert this into one in terms of chord diagrams. This chord slide presentation has potential applications to computing bordered Heegaard Floer invariants for open books with disconnected binding.

  • Junior Topology and Group Theory Seminar

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