Identifying systemically important countries is crucial for global financial stability. In this work we use (multilayer) network methods to identify systemically important countries. We study the financial system as a multilayer network, where each layer represent a different type of financial investment between countries. To rank countries by their systemic importance, we implement MultiRank, as well a simplistic model of financial contagion. In this first model, we consider that each country has a capital buffer, given by the capital to assets ratio. After the default of an initial country, we model financial contagion with a simple rule: a solvent country defaults when the amount of assets lost, due to the default of other countries, is larger than its capital. Our results show that when we consider that there are various types of assets the ranking of systemically important countries changes. We make all our methods available by introducing a python library. Finally, we propose a more realistic model of financial contagion that merges multilayer network theory and the contingent claims sectoral balance sheet literature. The aim of this framework is to model the banking, private, and sovereign sector of each country and thus study financial contagion within the country and between countries.
- Networks Seminar