Forthcoming Seminars

Please note that the list below only shows forthcoming events, which may not include regular events that have not yet been entered for the forthcoming term. Please see the past events page for a list of all seminar series that the department has on offer.

Past events in this series
Tomorrow
17:00
Abstract

If G is a topological group, a G-flow X is a non-empty, compact, Hausdorff space on which G acts continuously; it is minimal if all G-orbits are dense. By a theorem of Ellis, there is a (unique) minimal G-flow M(G) which is universal: there is a continuous G-map to every other G-flow. 

Here, we will be interested in the case where G = Aut(K) for some structure K, usually omega-categorical. Work of Kechris, Pestov and Todorcevic and others gives conditions on K under which structural Ramsey Theory (due to Nesetril - Rodl and others) can be used to compute M(G). 

In the first part of the talk I will give a description of the above theory and when it applies (the 'tame case'). In the second part, I will describe joint work with J. Hubicka and J. Nesetril which shows that the omega-categorical structures constructed in the late 1980's by Hrushovski as counterexamples to Lachlan's conjecture are not tame and moreover, minimal flows of their automorphism groups have rather different properties to those in the tame case. 

22 February 2019
12:00
Abstract

Generative adversarial networks (GANs) use neural networks as generative models, creating realistic samples that mimic real-life reference samples (for instance, images of faces, bedrooms, and more). These networks require an adaptive critic function while training, to teach the networks how to move improve their samples to better match the reference data. I will describe a kernel divergence measure, the maximum mean discrepancy, which represents one such critic function. With gradient regularisation, the MMD is used to obtain current state-of-the art performance on challenging image generation tasks, including 160 × 160 CelebA and 64 × 64 ImageNet. In addition to adversarial network training, I'll discuss issues of gradient bias for GANs based on integral probability metrics, and mechanisms for benchmarking GAN performance.

  • Data Science Seminar
22 February 2019
14:00
Abstract

Computational nucleic acid devices show great potential for enabling a broad range of biotechnology applications, including smart probes for molecular biology research, in vitro assembly of complex compounds, high-precision in vitro disease diagnosis and, ultimately, computational therapeutics inside living cells. This diversity of applications is supported by a range of implementation strategies, including nucleic acid strand displacement, localisation to substrates, and the use of enzymes with polymerase, nickase and exonuclease functionality. However, existing computational design tools are unable to account for these different strategies in a unified manner. This talk presents a programming language that allows a broad range of computational nucleic acid systems to be designed and analysed. We also demonstrate how similar approaches can be incorporated into a programming language for designing genetic devices that are inserted into cells to reprogram their behaviour. The language is used to characterise the genetic components for programming populations of cells that communicate and self-organise into spatial patterns. More generally, we anticipate that languages and software for programming molecular and genetic devices will accelerate the development of future biotechnology applications.

  • Mathematical Biology and Ecology Seminar
22 February 2019
14:00
Dr Iro Xenidou-Dervou
Abstract

How do humans process information? What are their strengths and limitations? This crash course in cognitive psychology will provide the background necessary to think realistically about how learning works.

22 February 2019
14:00
Abstract

Partially molten materials resist shearing and compaction. This resistance

is described by a fourth-rank effective viscosity tensor. When the tensor

is isotropic, two scalars determine the resistance: an effective shear and

an effective bulk viscosity. In this seminar, calculations are presented of

the effective viscosity tensor during diffusion creep for a 3D tessellation of

tetrakaidecahedrons (truncated octahedrons). The geometry of the melt is

determined by assuming textural equilibrium.  Two parameters

control the effect of melt on the viscosity tensor: the porosity and the

dihedral angle. Calculations for both Nabarro-Herring (volume diffusion)

and Coble (surface diffusion) creep are presented. For Nabarro-Herring

creep the bulk viscosity becomes singular as the porosity vanishes. This

singularity is logarithmic, a weaker singularity than typically assumed in

geodynamic models. The presence of a small amount of melt (0.1% porosity)

causes the effective shear viscosity to approximately halve. For Coble creep,

previous modelling work has argued that a very small amount of melt may

lead to a substantial, factor of 5, drop in the shear viscosity. Here, a

much smaller, factor of 1.4, drop is obtained.

  • Mathematical Geoscience Seminar
25 February 2019
15:45
Anthony Conway
Abstract

 In the late seventies, Casson and Gordon developed several knot invariants that obstruct a knot from being slice, i.e. from bounding a disc in the 4-ball. In this talk, we use twisted Blanchfield pairings to define twisted generalisations of the Levine-Tristram signature function, and describe their relation to the Casson-Gordon invariants. If time permits, we will present some obstructions to algebraic knots being slice. This is joint work with Maciej Borodzik and Wojciech Politarczyk.

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