In this talk, we discuss Sobolev embeddings into rearrangement-invariant function spaces on (regular) domains in $\mathbb{R}^n$ endowed with measures whose decay on balls is dominated by a power $d$ of their radius, called $d$-Frostman measures. We show that these embeddings can be deduced from one-dimensional inequalities for an operator depending on $n$, $d$ and the order $m$ of the Sobolev space. We also point out an interesting feature of this theory - namely that the results take a substantially different form depending on whether the measure is decaying fast ($d\geq n-m$) or slowly ($d<n-m$). This is a

joint work with Andrea Cianchi and Lubos Pick.

# Past PDE CDT Lunchtime Seminar

I will describe new solutions to the stationary Ginzburg-Landau equation in 3 dimensions with vortex lines given by interacting helices, with degree one around each filament and total degree an arbitrary positive integer. I will also present results on the asymptotic behavior of vortices in the entire plane for a dissipative Ginzburg-Landau equation. This is work in collaboration with Manuel del Pino, Remy Rodiac, Maria Medina, Monica Musso and Juncheng Wei.

In this talk I will discuss some aspects of the potential theory, fine properties and boundary behaviour of the solutions to the Total Variation Flow. Instead of the classical Euclidean setting, we intend to work mostly in the general setting of metric measure spaces. During the past two decades, a theory of Sobolev functions and BV functions has been developed in this abstract setting. A central motivation for developing such a theory has been the desire to unify the assumptions and methods employed in various specific spaces, such as weighted Euclidean spaces, Riemannian manifolds, Heisenberg groups, graphs, etc.

The total variation flow can be understood as a process diminishing the total variation using the gradient descent method. This idea can be reformulated using parabolic minimizers, and it gives rise to a definition of variational solutions. The advantages of the approach using a minimization formulation include much better convergence and stability properties. This is a very essential advantage as the solutions naturally lie only in the space of BV functions. Our main goal is to give a necessary and sufficient condition for continuity at a given point for proper solutions to the total variation flow in metric spaces. This is joint work with Vito Buffa and Juha Kinnunen.

The second fundamental form of an embedded manifold must satisfy a set of constraint equations known as the Gauß-Codazzi equations. Since work of Chen-Slemrod-Wang, these equations are known to satisfy a particular div-curl structure: under suitable L^p bound on the second fundamental form, the curvatures are weakly continuous. In this talk we explore generalisations of this original result under weaker assumptions. We show how techniques from fluid dynamics can yield interesting insight into the weak continuity properties of isometric embeddings.

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Teichmüller harmonic map flow is a geometric flow designed to evolve combinations of maps and metrics on a surface into minimal surfaces in a Riemannian manifold. I will introduce the flow and describe known existence results, and discuss recent joint work with M. Rupflin that demonstrates how singularities can develop in the metric component in finite time.

Let $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^n$, $n \geq 2$, be a bounded, connected, open set with Lipschitz boundary.

Let $u$ be an eigenfunction of the Laplacian on $\Omega$ with either a Dirichlet, Neumann or Robin boundary condition.

If an eigenfunction $u$ associated with the $k$--th eigenvalue has exactly $k$ nodal domains, then we call it a Courant-sharp eigenfunction. In this case, we call the corresponding eigenvalue a Courant-sharp eigenvalue.

We first discuss some known results for the Courant-sharp Dirichlet and Neumann eigenvalues of the Laplacian on Euclidean domains.

We then discuss whether the Robin eigenvalues of the Laplacian on the square are Courant-sharp.

This is based on joint work with B. Helffer (Université de Nantes).

The Camassa-Holm (CH) equation is a nonlinear nonlocal dispersive equation which arises as a model for the propagation of unidirectional shallow water waves over a flat bottom. One of the most important features of the CH equation is the existence of peaked travelling waves, also called peakons. The aim of this talk is to review some asymptotic stability result for peakon solutions for CH-type equations as well as to present some new result for higher-order generalization of the CH equation.

Do classical solutions of the compressible Navier-Stokes equations converge to an entropy solution of their inviscid counterparts, the Euler equations? In this talk we present a result which answers this question affirmatively, in the one-dimensional case, for a particular class of fluids. Specifically, we consider gases that exhibit approximately polytropic behaviour in the vicinity of the vacuum, and that are isothermal for larger values of the density (which we call approximately isothermal gases). Our approach makes use of methods from the theory of compensated compactness of Tartar and Murat, and is inspired by the earlier works of Chen and Perepelitsa, Lions, Perthame and Tadmor, and Lions, Perthame and Souganidis. This is joint work with Matthew Schrecker.

We present some regularity estimates for viscosity solutions to a class of possible degenerate and singular integro-differential equations whose leading operator switches between two different types of fractional elliptic phases, according to the zero set of a modulating coefficient a = a(·, ·). The model case is driven by the following nonlocal double phase operator,

$$\int \frac{|u(x) − u(y)|^{p−2} (u(x) − u(y))} {|x − y|^{n+sp}} dy+ \int a(x, y) \frac{|u(x) − u(y)|^{ q−2} (u(x) − u(y))} {|x − y|^{n+tq}} dy$$

where $q ≥ p$ and $a(·, ·) = 0$. Our results do also apply for inhomogeneous equations, for very general classes of measurable kernels. By simply assuming the boundedness of the modulating coefficient, we are able to prove that the solutions are Hölder continuous, whereas similar sharp results for the classical local case do require a to be Hölder continuous. To our knowledge, this is the first (regularity) result for nonlocal double phase problems.

Formation of singularities for the relativistic Euler equations (N. Athanasiou): An archetypal phenomenon in the study of hyperbolic systems of conservation laws is the development of singularities (in particular shocks) in finite time, no matter how smooth or small the initial data are. A series of works by Lax, John et al confirmed that for some important systems, when the initial data is a smooth small perturbation of a constant state, singularity formation in finite time is equivalent to the existence of compression in the initial data. Our talk will address the question of whether this dichotomy persists for large data problems, at least for the system of the Relativistic Euler equations in (1+1) dimensions. We shall also give some interesting studies in (3+1) dimensions. This is joint work with Dr. Shengguo Zhu.

Global Well-Posedness for a Class of Stochastic McKean-Vlasov Equations in One Dimension (A. Mayorcas): We show global well-posedness for a family of parabolic McKean--Vlasov SPDEs with additive space-time white noise. The family of interactions we consider are those given by convolution with kernels that are at least integrable. We show that global well-posedness holds in both the repulsive/defocussing and attractive/focussing cases. Our strategy relies on both pathwise and probabilistic techniques which leverage the Gaussian structure of the noise and well known properties of the deterministic PDEs.

I will present recent results concerning a class of nonlinear parabolic systems of partial differential equations with small cross-diffusion (see doi.org/10.1051/m2an/2018036 and arXiv:1906.08060). Such systems can be interpreted as a perturbation of a linear problem and they have been proposed to describe the dynamics of a variety of large systems of interacting particles. I will discuss well-posedness, regularity, stability and convergence to the stationary state for (strong) solutions in an appropriate Banach space. I will also present some applications and refinements of the above-mentioned results for specific models.