Past PDE CDT Lunchtime Seminar

22 October 2020
12:00
André Guerra / Lukas Koch
Abstract

I will present a nonlinear version of the open mapping principle which applies to constant-coefficient PDEs which are both homogeneous and weak* stable. An example of such a PDE is the Jacobian equation. I will discuss the consequences of such a result for the Jacobian and its relevance towards an answer to a long-standing problem due to Coifman, Lions, Meyer and Semmes. This is based on joint work with Lukas Koch and Sauli Lindberg.

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I present a general nonlinear open mapping principle suited to applications to scale-invariant PDEs in regularity regimes where the equations are stable under weak* convergence. As an application I show that, for any $p < \infty$, the set of initial data for which there are dissipative weak solutions in $L^p_t L^2_x$ is meagre in the space of solenoidal L^2 fields. This is based on joint work with A. Guerra (Oxford) and S. Lindberg (Aalto).

 

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  • PDE CDT Lunchtime Seminar
15 October 2020
12:00
James Kohout / Jeremy Wu
Abstract

In the study of geometric flows it is often important to understand when a flow which converges along a sequence of times going to infinity will, in fact, converge along every such sequence of times to the same limit. While examples of finite dimensional gradient flows that asymptote to a circle of critical points show that this cannot hold in general, a positive result can be obtained in the presence of a so-called Lojasiewicz-Simon inequality. In this talk we will introduce this problem of uniqueness of asymptotic limits and discuss joint work with Melanie Rupflin and Peter M. Topping in which we examined the situation for a geometric flow that is designed to evolve a map describing a closed surface in a given target manifold into a parametrization of a minimal surface.

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The Landau equation is an important PDE in kinetic theory modelling plasma particles in a gas. It can be derived as a limiting process from the famous Boltzmann equation. From the mathematical point of view, the Landau equation can be very challenging to study; many partial results require, for example, stochastic analysis as well as a delicate combination of kinetic and parabolic theory. The major open question is uniqueness in the physically relevant Coulomb case. I will present joint work with Jose Carrillo, Matias Delgadino, and Laurent Desvillettes where we cast the Landau equation as a generalized gradient flow from the optimal transportation perspective motivated by analogous results on the Boltzmann equation. A direct outcome of this is a numerical scheme for the Landau equation in the spirit of de Giorgi and Jordan, Kinderlehrer, and Otto. An extended area of investigation is to use the powerful gradient flow techniques to resolve some of the open problems and recover known results.

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  • PDE CDT Lunchtime Seminar
18 June 2020
12:00
Sebastian Schwarzacher
Abstract

I introduce a recently developed variational approach for hyperbolic PDE's. The method allows to show the existence of weak solutions to fluid-structure interactions where a visco-elastic bulk solid is interacting with an incompressible fluid governed by the unsteady Navier Stokes equations. This is a joint work with M. Kampschulte and B. Benesova.

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  • PDE CDT Lunchtime Seminar
11 June 2020
12:00
Abstract

In the talk, we study the Navier–Stokes-like problems for the flows of homogeneous incompressible fluids. We introduce a new type of boundary condition for the shear stress tensor, which includes an auxiliary stress function and the time derivative of the velocity. The auxiliary stress function serves to relate the normal stress to the slip velocity via rather general maximal monotone graph. In such way, we are able to capture the dynamic response of the fluid on the boundary. Also, the constitutive relation inside the domain is formulated implicitly. The main result is the existence analysis for these problems.

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  • PDE CDT Lunchtime Seminar
28 May 2020
15:00
Abstract

Given a curve , what is the surface  that has smallest area among all surfaces spanning ? This classical problem and its generalizations are called Plateau's problem. In this talk we consider area minimizers among the class of integral currents, or roughly speaking, orientable manifolds. Since the 1960s a lot of work has been done by De Giorgi, Almgren, et al to study the interior regularity of these minimizers. Much less is known about the boundary regularity, in the case of codimension greater than 1. I will speak about some recent progress in this direction.

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  • PDE CDT Lunchtime Seminar
7 May 2020
12:00
Cristiana De FIlippis
Abstract

Non-uniformly elliptic functionals are variational integrals like
\[
(1) \qquad \qquad W^{1,1}_{loc}(\Omega,\mathbb{R}^{N})\ni w\mapsto \int_{\Omega} \left[F(x,Dw)-f\cdot w\right] \, \textrm{d}x,
\]
characterized by quite a wild behavior of the ellipticity ratio associated to their integrand $F(x,z)$, in the sense that the quantity
$$
\sup_{\substack{x\in B \\ B\Subset \Omega \ \small{\mbox{open ball}}}}\mathcal R(z, B):=\sup_{\substack{x\in B \\ B\Subset \Omega \ \small{\mbox{open ball}}}} \frac{\mbox{highest eigenvalue of}\ \partial_{z}^{2} F(x,z)}{\mbox{lowest eigenvalue of}\  \partial_{z}^{2} F(x,z)} $$
may blow up as $|z|\to \infty$. 
We analyze the interaction between the space-depending coefficient of the integrand and the forcing term $f$ and derive optimal Lipschitz criteria for minimizers of (1). We catch the main model cases appearing in the literature, such as functionals with unbalanced power growth or with fast exponential growth such as
$$
w \mapsto \int_{\Omega} \gamma_1(x)\left[\exp(\exp(\dots \exp(\gamma_2(x)|Dw|^{p(x)})\ldots))-f\cdot w \right]\, \textrm{d}x
$$
or
$$
w\mapsto \int_{\Omega}\left[|Dw|^{p(x)}+a(x)|Dw|^{q(x)}-f\cdot w\right] \, \textrm{d}x.
$$
Finally, we find new borderline regularity results also in the uniformly elliptic case, i.e. when
$$\mathcal{R}(z,B)\sim \mbox{const}\quad \mbox{for all balls} \ \ B\Subset \Omega.$$

The talk is based on:
C. De Filippis, G. Mingione, Lipschitz bounds and non-autonomous functionals. $\textit{Preprint}$ (2020).

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  • PDE CDT Lunchtime Seminar
5 March 2020
12:00
Lenka Slavíková
Abstract

In this talk, we discuss Sobolev embeddings into rearrangement-invariant function spaces on (regular) domains in $\mathbb{R}^n$ endowed with measures whose decay on balls is dominated by a power $d$ of their radius, called $d$-Frostman measures. We show that these embeddings can be deduced from one-dimensional inequalities for an operator depending on $n$, $d$ and the order $m$ of the Sobolev space. We also point out an interesting feature of this theory - namely that the results take a substantially different form depending on whether the measure is decaying fast ($d\geq n-m$) or slowly ($d<n-m$). This is a
joint work with Andrea Cianchi and Lubos Pick.

  • PDE CDT Lunchtime Seminar
27 February 2020
12:00
Juan Davila
Abstract

I will describe new solutions to the stationary Ginzburg-Landau equation in 3 dimensions with vortex lines given by interacting helices, with degree one around each filament and total degree an arbitrary positive integer. I will also present results on the asymptotic behavior of vortices in the entire plane for a dissipative Ginzburg-Landau equation. This is work in collaboration with Manuel del Pino, Remy Rodiac, Maria Medina, Monica Musso and Juncheng Wei.

  • PDE CDT Lunchtime Seminar
20 February 2020
12:00
Cintia Pacchiano
Abstract

In this talk I will discuss some aspects of the potential theory, fine properties and boundary behaviour of the solutions to the Total Variation Flow. Instead of the classical Euclidean setting, we intend to work mostly in the general setting of metric measure spaces. During the past two decades, a theory of Sobolev functions and BV functions has been developed in this abstract setting.  A central motivation for developing such a theory has been the desire to unify the assumptions and methods employed in various specific spaces, such as weighted Euclidean spaces, Riemannian manifolds, Heisenberg groups, graphs, etc.

The total variation flow can be understood as a process diminishing the total variation using the gradient descent method.  This idea can be reformulated using parabolic minimizers, and it gives rise to a definition of variational solutions.  The advantages of the approach using a minimization formulation include much better convergence and stability properties.  This is a very essential advantage as the solutions naturally lie only in the space of BV functions. Our main goal is to give a necessary and sufficient condition for continuity at a given point for proper solutions to the total variation flow in metric spaces. This is joint work with Vito Buffa and Juha Kinnunen.

  • PDE CDT Lunchtime Seminar

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