In the seminar, I will talk about a parabolic toy-model for the incompressible Navier-Stokes equations, that satisfies the same energy inequality, same scaling symmetry and which is also super-critical in dimension 3. I will present some partial regularity results that this model shares with the incompressible model and other results that occur only for our model.

# Past PDE CDT Lunchtime Seminar

Federer’s characterization, which is a central result in the theory of functions of bounded variation, states that a set is of finite perimeter if and only if n−1-dimensional Hausdorff measure of the set's measure-theoretic boundary is finite. The measure-theoretic boundary consists of those points where both the set and its complement have positive upper density. I show that the characterization remains true if the measure-theoretic boundary is replaced by a smaller boundary consisting of those points where the lower densities of both the set and its complement are at least a given positive constant.

The Anderson Hamiltonian is used to model particles moving in

disordered media, it can be thought of as a Schrödiger operator with an

extremely irregular random potential. Using the recently developed theory of

"Paracontrolled Distributions" we are able to define the Anderson

Hamiltonian as a self-adjoint non-positive operator on the 2- and

3-dimensional torus and give an explicit description of its domain.

Then we use these results to solve some semi-linear PDEs whose linear part

is given by the Anderson Hamiltonian, more precisely the multiplicative

stochastic NLS and nonlinear Wave equation.

This is joint work with M. Gubinelli and B. Ugurcan.

The aim of this talk is to give an overview about the structure theory of finite dimensional RCD metric measure spaces. I will first focus on rectifiability, existence, uniqueness and constancy of the dimension of tangents up to negligible sets.

Then I will motivate why boundaries of sets of finite perimeter are natural codimension one objects to look at in this framework and present some recent structure results obtained in their study.

This is based on joint works with Luigi Ambrosio, Elia Bruè and Enrico Pasqualetto.

A fundamental problem in the context of Einstein's equations of general relativity is to understand precisely the dynamical evolution of small perturbations of stationary black hole solutions. It is expected that there is a discrete set of characteristic frequencies that play a dominant role at late time intervals and carry information about the nature of the black hole, much like the normal frequencies of a vibrating string. These frequencies are called quasi-normal frequencies or resonances and they are closely related to scattering resonances in the study of Schrödinger-type equations. I will discuss a new method of defining and studying resonances for linear wave equations on asymptotically flat black holes, developed from joint work with Claude Warnick.

We will discuss the similarity and difference between deterministic and stochastic NLS. Different notions (or possible formulations) of local solutions will also be discussed. We will also present a global well posedness result for stochastic mass critical NLS. Joint work with Weijun Xu (Oxford)

We study the small Deborah number limit of the Doi-Onsager equation for the dynamics of nematic liquid crystals. This is a Smoluchowski-type equation that characterizes the evolution of a number density function, depending upon both particle position and its orientation vector, which lies on the unit sphere. We prove that, in the low temperature regime, when the Deborah number tends to zero, the family of solutions with rough initial data near local equilibria will converge to a local equilibrium distribution prescribed by a weak solution of the harmonic map heat flow into the sphere. This flow is a special case of the gradient flow to the Oseen-Frank energy functional for nematic liquid crystals and the existence of its global weak solution was first obtained by Y.M Chen, using Ginzburg-Landau approximation. The key ingredient of our result is to show the strong compactness of the family of number density functions and the proof relies on the strong compactness of the corresponding second moment (or the Q-tensor), a spectral decomposition of the linearized operator near the limiting local equilibrium distribution, as well as the energy dissipation estimates. This is a joint work with Wei Wang in Zhejiang university.

Function solutions to linear PDEs often carry rigidity properties directly associated to the equation they satsify. However, the realm of solutions covers a much larger sets of solutions. For instance, we can speak of measure solutions, as opposed to classical $C^\infty$ functions or even $L^p$ functions. It is only logical to expect that the “better” space the solution lives in, the more rigid its properties will be.

Measure solutions lie just at a comfortable half of this threshold: it is a sufficently large space which allows for a rich range of new structures; but is sufficiently rigid to preserve a meaningful geometrical pattern. For example, have you ever wondered how gradients look like in the space of measures? What about other PDE structures? In this talk I will discuss these general questions, a few examples of them, and a new theoretical approach to its understanding via PDE theory, harmonic analysis, and geometric measure theory methods.

It is nowadays well understood that the multidimensional isentropic Euler system is desperately ill–posed. Even certain smooth initial data give rise to infinitely many solutions and all available selection criteria fail to ensure both global existence and uniqueness. We propose a different approach to well–posedness of this system based on ideas from the theory of Markov semigroups: we show the existence of a Borel measurable solution semiflow. To this end, we introduce a notion of dissipative solution which is understood as time dependent trajectories of the basic state variables - the mass density, the linear momentum, and the energy - in a suitable phase space. The underlying system of PDEs is satisfied in a generalized sense. The solution semiflow enjoys the standard semigroup property and the solutions coincide with the strong solutions as long as the latter exist. Moreover, they minimize the energy (maximize the energy dissipation) among all dissipative solutions.

The classical wave equation is derived from the system of three equations: The equation of motion of a (one-dimensional) deformable body, the Hook law as a constitutive equation, and the strain measure, and describes wave propagation in elastic media.

Fractional wave equations describe wave phenomena when viscoelasticity of a material or non-local effects of a material comes into an account. For waves in viscoelastic media, instead of Hook's law, a constitutive equation for viscoelastic body, for example, Fractional Zener model or distributed order model of viscoelastic body, is used. To consider non-local effects of a media, one may replace classical strain measure by non-local strain measure. There are other constitutive equations and other ways to describe non-local effects which will be discussed within the talk.

The system of three equations subject to initial conditions, initial displacement and initial velocity, is equivalent to one single equation, called fractional wave equation. Using different models for constitutive equations, and non-local measures, different fractional wave equations are obtained. After derivation of such equations, existence and uniqueness of their solution in the spaces of distributions is proved by the use of Laplace and Fourier transforms as main tool. Plots of solutions are presented. For some of derived equations microlocal analysis of the solution is conducted.