NSOP1 is a class of first order theories containing simple theories, which contains many natural examples that somehow slip-out of the simple context.

As in simple theories, NSOP1 theories admit a natural notion of independence dubbed Kim-independence, which generalizes non-forking in simple theories and satisfies many of its properties.

In this talk I will explain all these notions, and in particular talk about recent progress (joint with Nick Ramsey) in the study of Kim-independence, showing transitivity and several consequences.