Past Logic Seminar

24 January 2019
11:00
Itay Kaplan
Abstract

NSOP1 is a class of first order theories containing simple theories, which contains many natural examples that somehow slip-out of the simple context.

As in simple theories, NSOP1 theories admit a natural notion of independence dubbed Kim-independence, which generalizes non-forking in simple theories and satisfies many of its properties.

In this talk I will explain all these notions, and in particular talk about recent progress (joint with Nick Ramsey) in the study of Kim-independence, showing transitivity and several consequences.

 

22 January 2019
16:00
Jaroslav Nesetril
Abstract

We survey recent research related to the Extension Property of Partial Isomorhisms (EPPA, also known as Hrushovski property) and, perhaps surprisingly, relate it to structural Ramsey theory.   This is based on a joint work with David Evans, Jan Hubicka and Matej Konecny.
 

17 January 2019
11:00
Abstract



Traditionally, logic was thought of as `principles of right reason'. Early twentieth century philosophy of mathematics focused on the problem of a general foundation for all mathematics. In contrast, the last 70 years have seen model theory develop as the study and comparison of formal theories for studying specific areas of mathematics. While this shift began in work of Tarski, Robinson, Henkin, Vaught, and Morley, the decisive step came with Shelah's stability theory. After this paradigm shift there is a systematic search for a short set of syntactic conditions which divide first order theories into disjoint classes such that models of different theories in the same class have similar mathematical properties. This classification of theories makes more precise the idea of a `tame structure'. Thus, logic (specifically model theory) becomes a tool for organizing and doing mathematics with consequences for combinatorics, diophantine geometry, differential equations and other fields. I will present an account of the last 70 years in model theory that illustrates this shift. This reports material in my recent book published by Cambridge: Formalization without Foundationalism: Model Theory and the Philosophy of Mathematical Practice.

15 January 2019
16:00
Abstract

With Gianluca Paolini (in preparation), we constructed, using a variant on the Hrushovski dimension function, for every k ≥ 3, 2^µ families of strongly minimal Steiner k systems. We study the mathematical properties of these counterexamples to Zilber’s trichotomy conjecture rather than thinking of them as merely exotic examples. In particular the long study of finite Steiner systems in reflected in results that depend on the block size k. A quasigroup is a structure with a binary operation such that for each equation xy = z the values of two of the variables determines a unique value for the third. The new Steiner 3-systems are bi-interpretable with strongly minimal Steiner quasigroups. For k > 3, we show the pure k-Steiner systems have ‘essentially unary definable closure’ and do not interpret a quasigroup. But we show that for q a prime power the Steiner q systems can be interpreted into specific sorts of quasigroups, block algebras. We extend the notion of an (a, b)-cycle graph arising in the study of finite and infinite Stein triple systems (e.g Cameron-Webb) by introducing what we call the (a, b)-path graph of a block algebra. We exhibit theories of strongly minimal block algebras where all (a, b)-paths are infinite and others in which all are finite only in the prime model. We show how to obtain combinatorial properties (e.g. 2-transitivity) by the either varying the basic collection of finite partial Steiner systems or modifying the µ function which ensures strong minimality

20 November 2018
16:00
Dugald Macpherson
Abstract

I will discuss joint work with Gismatullin, Halupczok, and Simonetta on the following problem: given a henselian valued field of characteristic 0, possibly equipped with analytic structure (in the sense stemming originally from Denef and van den Dries), describe the possibilities for a definable group G in the valued field sort which is definably almost simple, that is, has no proper infinite definable normal subgroups. We also have results for an algebraically closed valued field K in characteristic p, but assuming also that the group is a definable subgroup of GL(n, K).

13 November 2018
16:00
Martin Bays
Abstract

I will explain how complex varieties which have asymptotically large intersections with finite grids can be seen to correspond to projective geometries, exploiting ideas of Hrushovski. I will describe how this leads to a precise characterisation of such varieties. Time permitting, I will discuss consequences for generalised sum-product estimates and connections to diophantine problems. This is joint work with Emmanuel Breuillard.

6 November 2018
16:00
Misha Gavrilovich
Abstract


abstract:

In my talk I shall try to explain the following speculation and present some
evidence in the form of "correlations" between categoricity conjectures in
model theory and motivic conjectures in algebraic geometry.

Transfinite induction constructions developed in model theory are by now
sufficiently developed to be used to build analogues of objects in algebraic
geometry constructed with a choice of topology, such as a singular cohomology theory,
the Hodge decomposition, and fundamental groups of complex algebraic varieties.
Moreover, these algebraic geometric objects are often conjectured to satisfy
homogeneity or freeness properties which are true for objects constructed by
transfinite induction.


An example of this is Hrushovski fusion used to build Zilber pseudoexponentiation,
i.e. a group homomorphism  $ex:C^+ \to C^*$ which satisfies Schanuel conjecture,
a transcendence property analogous to Grothendieck conjecture on periods.


I shall also present a precise conjecture on "uniqueness" of Q-forms (comparison isomorphisms)
of complex etale cohomology, and will try to explain its relation to conjectures on l-adic
Galois representations coming from the theory of motivic Galois group.
 

30 October 2018
16:00
Daniel Palacin
Abstract

In 1985, Babai and Sós asked whether there exists a constant c>0 such that every finite group of order n has a product-free set of size at least cn, where a product-free set of a group is a subset that does not contain three elements x,y and z  satisfying xy=z. Gowers showed that the answer is no in the early 2000s, by linking the existence of product-free sets of large density to the existence of low dimensional unitary representations.

In this talk, I will provide an answer to the aforementioned question by model theoretic means. Furthermore, I will relate some of Gowers' results to the existence of nontrivial definable compactifications of nonstandard finite groups.
 

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